Social Media: Space Weather
#SpaceWeather

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Please help the NWS spread these important safety messages on social media! Everyone is welcome to use the text and images provided below to help the NWS build a Weather-Ready Nation.

What is Space Weather and What are the Impacts?

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We rely on advanced technology for almost everything we do. Satellite communications, GPS applications, and the electric power grid provide the backbone of our Nation’s economic vitality and national security. These technologies are vulnerable to a threat from space – our Sun! To learn about space weather visit www.swpc.noaa.gov/about-space-weather
 #SpaceWeather

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Satellites, GPS, the power grid, and more can be vulnerable to a space threat - our Sun! Learn morewww.swpc.noaa.gov/about-space-weather #SpaceWeather

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Space Weather Impacts on Communications

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Effective communication systems are critical.  Aviation and emergency response communities depend on reliable communications. Radio and satellite communication technologies can experience significant degradation from space weather storms.  To learn about space weather impacts visit  www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/hf-radio-communications and www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/satellite-communications #SpaceWeather
Space Weather Impacts on Communications:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vFGTl_Cp6I&list=PLBdd8cMH5jFmvVR2sZubIUzBO6JI0Pvx0&index=2

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Communications systems are critical and can be vulnerable to the Sun!  www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/hf-radio-communications and www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/satellite-communications #spaceweather

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Space Weather Impacts on the Power Grid

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The electric power grid, and consequently the power to your home or business, can be disrupted by space weather.  Extreme geomagnetic storms can create significant impacts, damaging critical assets and even causing blackouts in rare cases.  To learn about space weather and impacts to the electric grid visit  http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/electric-power-transmission #SpaceWeather

Space Weather Impacts on Power Grid.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=caHYgTf6tO8&list=PLBdd8cMH5jFmvVR2sZubIUzBO6JI0Pvx0&index=4

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The power grid can be vulnerable to significant space weather storms! Learn more www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/electric-power-transmission #spaceweather

Space Weather and the Aurora Borealis

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The Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) are the result of electrons colliding with Earth’s upper atmosphere.  When space weather activity increases, the aurora may be visible.  During large events, the aurora may be observed as far south as the U.S., Europe, and Asia.  Keep in mind, to observe the aurora, the skies must be dark, clear, and free of clouds.  To learn about the aurora http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/aurora #SpaceWeather

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The aurora may be seen over the U.S. during major solar storms. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/aurora

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The OVATION Aurora Forecast Model shows the intensity and location of the aurora predicted for the time shown at the top of the map. This probability forecast is based on current solar wind conditions. 

Note:  A 3-day aurora forecast is now available as a test product!

Credit:  NOAA

What are Solar Flares?

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Solar flares are huge explosions of electromagnetic radiation from the Sun lasting from minutes to hours. They are seen as a bright area on the sun in optical wavelengths and as bursts of noise in radio wavelengths. Solar flares occur in a large range of strengths, have emissions that travel at the speed of light, and reach Earth in eight minutes. They can cause radio blackouts on the sunlit side of the Earth. To learn about radio blackouts visit www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/solar-flares-radio-blackouts #SpaceWeather

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Solar flares are energetic explosions from the Sun & can cause radio blackouts from minutes to hourswww.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/solar-flares-radio-blackouts #spaceweather

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These images from the Solar Dynamics Observatory captured a solar flare on
May 5, 2015. Credit: NASA

What are Coronal Mass Ejections?

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Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs), are explosive eruptions of plasma from the Sun’s outer atmosphere, the Corona. A CME typically carries roughly a billion tons of material outward from the Sun at millions of miles per hour (thousands of km/s). CMEs are not particularly bright and may take hours to fully erupt from the Sun and typically take 1-4 days to travel to Earth. To learn about CMEs visit http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/coronal-mass-ejections #SpaceWeather Photo from NASA

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Clouds of plasma that erupt from the sun are called Coronal Mass Ejections. Learn more www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/coronal-mass-ejections #spaceweather photo @NASA

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This image from the Solar Dynamics Observatory captured this Coronal Mass
Ejection (CME) image on April 16, 2012. Credit: NASA

Space Weather Safety Page

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Check out the new NWS Space Weather Safety page to find out how a space weather event can impact you.  www.nws.noaa.gov/om/space #SpaceWeather 

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Check out the new NWS Space Weather Safety page!  www.nws.noaa.gov/om/space #SpaceWeather

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What are the Impacts of a Geomagnetic Storm?

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When a Geomagnetic Storm is happening, use this handy chart to find out what it will impact. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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When a Geomagnetic Storm is happening, what will it impact?http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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What are the impacts of a Solar Radiation Storm?

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When a Solar Radiation Storm is happening, use this handy chart to find out what it will impact. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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When a Solar Radiation Storm is happening, what will it impact?http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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What are the Impacts of a Radio Blackout?

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When a Radio Blackout is happening due to space weather, use this handy chart to find out what it will impact. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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When a Radio Blackout is happening due to space weather, what will it impact?http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/noaa-scales-explanation #SpaceWeather

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Emergency Communications Plan

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An extreme space weather event could cause problems with mobile phones. Your family may not be together when this happens so it is important to plan in advance: how you will contact one another; how you will get back together; and what will you do in different situations. Create a Family Communications Plan. http://www.ready.gov/make-a-plan #SpaceWeather

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If space weather interrupts cell phone usage, how will you contact your family? http://www.ready.gov/make-a-plan #SpaceWeather

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