All polygons are tested for closure. The Census Bureau uses its internally developed Geographic Update
System to enhance and modify spatial and attribute data in the Census TIGER database. Standard geographic codes, such as FIPS codes for states, counties, municipalities, and places, are used when encoding patial entities. The Census Bureau performed spatial data tests for logical consistency of the codes during the compilation of the original Census TIGER database files. Most of the Codes themselves were provided to the Census Bureau by the USGS, the agency esponsible for maintaining FIPS 55. Feature attribute information has been examined but has not been fully tested for onsistency.
The NWS checks additions/changes for polygon overlaps, gaps and "slivers" using ArcView 3.x. Names for new areas are provided by the local WFO. Numbers are chosen to be unique.