The National Weather Service's Marine, Tropical, and Tsunami Services Branch (W/AFS26) is responsible
for oversight of the Marine, Tropical, and Tsunami Services Programs. The programs provide current, accurate
weather and water information relating to the 95,439 statute miles of shoreline mileage of the U.S.,
which includes the Great Lakes (Shoreline Mileage of the U.S. )
and offshore and high seas waters. This information aims to:
- Ensure the safety of life and protection of property
- Promote international and interstate commerce by improving
the efficiency of marine operations
- Mitigate environmental impacts
- Enhance the quality of life for the United States
According to NOAA's Report on the U.S. Ocean and Great Lakes Economy,
The nation’s ocean and Great Lakes continue to fuel economic growth across the U.S. The latest economic figures in NOAA’s report on the U.S. Ocean and Great Lakes Economy show gross domestic product (GDP) from the ocean economy grew 5.7 percent between 2014 and 2015, more than twice as fast as the U.S. economy as a whole, which grew by 2.7 percent.
Tourism and recreation was the top employer with 2.3 million employees. This sector also contributed $116 billion in GDP, the highest of all the ocean and Great Lakes economy sectors. The tourism and recreation sector surpasses offshore mineral extraction, the previous top contributor to the ocean and Great Lakes economy.
The ocean and Great Lakes economy is comprised of six job sectors dependent on natural ocean resources: living resources; marine construction; marine transportation; offshore mineral extraction; ship and boat building; and tourism and recreation.
The analysis completed for this report says the ocean economy sectors created 97,000 new jobs, growing by 3.2 percent during the reporting period as compared to overall U.S. economic growth of 2.1 percent. In 2015 alone, the ocean and Great Lakes supported:
152,000 business establishments
3.2 million employees
$128 billion in total wages
$320 billion in gross domestic product
The report also provides top-level economic information about coastal states, as shown by the examples below.
California and Florida are major contributors for the tourism and recreation sector. Combined, these states account for more than one-third of the sector’s total employment and GDP.
Virginia contributed the most to employment for ship and boat building, accounting for 23 percent.
Washington was the largest contributor to GDP for ship and boat building, accounting for 20.7 percent.
Texas is home to the national center for oil and gas industry. Harris County, Texas alone accounted for 66 percent of employment for the offshore mineral extraction sector and 80 percent of its GDP.
The report uses data from 2005–2015, derived from the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Death from rip currents, hurricanes and associated flooding represent a major share of U.S. weather-related fatalities. According to the CDC, commercial fishing is one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States with a fatality rate 29 times higher than the national average and severe weather conditions are the primary contributor to the fatalities.
According to the National Ocean Service, In the United States, counties directly on the shoreline constitute less than 10 percent of the total land area (not including Alaska), but account for 39 percent of the total population. From 1970 to 2010, the population of these counties increased by almost 40% and are projected to increase by an additional 10 million people or 8% by 2020. Coastal areas are substantially more crowded than the U.S. as a whole, and population density in coastal areas will continue to increase in the future. In fact, the population density of coastal shoreline counties is over six times greater than the corresponding inland counties.
Using the weather analyses and forecast guidance provided
by NCEP, along with radar, satellite, and in-situ observational
data, NWS marine weather forecasters issue wind, sea state, and
significant weather warnings, forecasts, and weather statements.
These are essential to the conduct of safe and efficient maritime
operations and for the protection of the marine public.
The collection of weather observations is vital to
accurate weather forecasting, and especially so over the waters
where weather stations are few and far between. Thousands of vessels
worldwide are Volunteer
Observing Ships (VOS), sending observations every few hours
which are used by marine forecasters and computer modelers to improve
the accuracy of the forecasts. The National
Data Buoy Center (NDBC) maintains 103 buoys and 47 fixed C-MAN stations in the
oceans and the Great Lakes.
Marine forecasts are also issued as needed to aid
in search and rescue operations, the containment and cleanup of
oil spills or support to other disasters such as plane crash recovery
The NWS operates two Tsunami Warning Centers that are staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to help protect life and property from tsunamis.
These centers monitor for tsunamis and the earthquakes that cause them, forecast tsunami impacts, and prepare and issue tsunami messages. The National Tsunami Warning Center in Alaska provides tsunami messages for the continental United States, Alaska and Canada. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii provides tsunami messages for the Hawaiian Islands, the U.S. Pacific and Caribbean territories, and the British Virgin Islands and provides forecast information to international partners in the Pacific and Caribbean and adjacent regions to help them understand the threat to their coasts so they can decide whether or not to issue alerts. NDBC also maintains and provides data from the U.S. network of Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunami systems
and provides data from the National Ocean Service’s tsunami-capable coastal water-level stations.
The National Weather Service also hosts and staffs the International Tsunami Information Center, operates the Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program, and administers the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.
National NWS Marine Forecasts Page:
- Marine Forecasts
Forecasts, warnings, observations, maps, pubs, broadcast info, contacts, etc.
High Seas Forecasts and Warnings:
Offshore Forecasts and Warnings:
Coastal and Great Lakes Forecasts and Warnings:
Model Guidance and Products
Hurricane Forecasts and Warnings:
Tsunami Warnings and Information:
Warning and Forecast Area Maps:
Explanation of Codes Used in Various Marine Text Forecasts and Weather Broadcasts:
This and That: