This document, written by Captain Frederick G. Meyer, Valery J. Dagostaro, and Major David T. Miller, describes the visibility and obstruction to vision forecasts produced operationally since July 1993 by the Techniques Development Laboratory (TDL) of the National Weather Service (NWS). TDL has derived regression equations to predict the probabilities of five categories of visibility and three categories of obstruction to vision. The equations were developed by applying the Model Output Statistics (MOS) technique to output from the Nested Grid Model (NGM).

In addition to the probability forecasts, categorical forecasts are produced by a selection scheme designed to maximize the threat score while retaining a bias value near 1.0. NGM MOS visibility and obstruction to vision forecasts are produced for projections from 6 to 36 hours at 3-h intervals and for projections from 42 to 60 hours at 6-h intervals after 0000 and 1200 UTC. The 54- and 60-h forecasts are disseminated only to stations supported by the United States Air Force (USAF).

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National Weather Service
Last Modified: November 03, 1997