NOUS41 KWBC 081149 AAA

PNSWSH

 

Technical Implementation Notice 14-32 Amended

National Weather Service Headquarters Washington DC

750 AM EDT Mon Sep 8 2014

 

To:       Subscribers:

          -Family of Services

          -NOAA Weather Wire Service

          -Emergency Managers Weather Information Network

          -NOAAPORT

          Other NWS Partners, Users and Employees

 

From:     Tim McClung

          Chief, Science Plans Branch

          Office of Science and Technology

 

Subject:  Amended: Implementation the High-Resolution Rapid  

          Refresh (HRRR) Analysis and Forecast System: Effective

          September 30, 2014

 

Amended to change effective date to September 30, 2014, to

clarify certain parameter descriptions and to mention the

gradual turn on of data to NOAAPORT.

 

Effective Tuesday, September 30, 2014, beginning with the 1400

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) run, the National Centers for

Environmental Prediction (NCEP) will begin operationally running

the High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) forecast model.

 

Like the 13-km Rapid Refresh (RAP), the HRRR is an hourly

analysis and forecast system, but with a much higher horizontal

resolution of 3 km. Due to the significant computation resources

needed for high resolution, the HRRR domain is only slightly

bigger than CONUS.

 

General Framework:

 

Like the RAP, the HRRR will be run 24 times per day, once for

each hour. Each run will be integrated to 15 forecast hours, and

output will be available for each forecast hour.  In addition, a

small subset of parameters will be available with 15-minute

output frequency throughout the entire 15-hour forecast.

 

The HRRR model is not cycled; there is no dependency on any

previous HRRR runs. To initialize the HRRR, a 13-km RAP post-

digital filter analysis valid for the previous hour is

interpolated to the 3-km grid. Then radar reflectivity data at

15-minute intervals are assimilated during a 1-hour spin up,

introducing temperature tendencies that help initialize ongoing

precipitation. At the completion of the spin-up forecast, a 3-km

Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) variational and

cloud/precipitation hydrometeor analysis is performed to provide

the initial state prior to the 15-hour model integration. The

previous hour's RAP provides lateral boundary conditions for the

HRRR.

 

The 3-km horizontal resolution of the HRRR permits realistic

simulation of deep convection. The HRRR therefore does not use

any convective parameterization. The use of explicit convection

permits more precise forecasts of convective-scale structure.

 

Like the RAP, the HRRR has 50 vertical computational layers. A

sigma vertical coordinate is used, and the native grid is

Lambert Conformal. The model is version 3.4.2 of the WRF-ARW and

is similar to the WRF core used by the operational RAP, except

that the HRRR does not use a convective parameterization,

relying on explicit representation of convection, and has

modifications to help reduce a nighttime cold bias that is most

pronounced over snow cover.

 

Output:

 

All HRRR output will be in GRIB2 format. The HRRR will generate 

3 km hourly output in three different files; each file covers

the entire HRRR domain. Files with data on pressure levels (and

a few extra parameters) will be named hrrr.tXXz.wrfprsfHH.grib2,

where XX is the run initial time (00-23), and HH is the forecast

hour duration (00-15). 

 

Files with data on native levels (and a few extra parameters)

will be named hrrr.tXXz.wrfnatfHH.grib2

 

Smaller files with a set of generally surface parameters (and

others computed over various depths of the atmosphere) will be

in files named hrrr.tXXz.wrfsfcfHH.grib2.

 

The HRRR will also generate 15-minute, sub-hourly data in files

named hrrr.tXXz.wrfsubhfHH.tm00.grib2 and will contain surface

or column-integrated parameters. Each file will contain data for

the forecast hour HH as well as 15, 30, and 45 minutes before

the hour. For example, hrrr.tXXz.wrfsubhf04.grib2 contains data

valid at forecast hours 0315, 0330, 0345, and 0400. The file

hrrr.tXXz.wrfsubh00.tm00.grib2 contains only analysis data.

 

Station time-series BUFR data will also be available. The HRRR

will use the same station list as used by the NAM and RAP, but

only 1159 of the stations in that list fall within the HRRR

domain. The BUFR files will contain only hourly data.

 

Please note the following information related to some of the

available parameters:

 

Note that the parameter labeled as "cloud base height" in the

RAP is actually an cloud ceiling product. In the HRRR, the

corresponding product is correctly labeled as "ceiling". The

units are correctly labeled as geopotential height in meters,

as the values represent the ceiling  height above sea level.

 

The parameter labeled as lightning is labeled as being a

non-dimensional yes/no lightning indicator. The field actually

represents an hourly maximum predicted flash rate with units

of flashes per square km per 5 minute period.

 

The wind shear u and v components, computed over 0-1 km and 0-6

km depths, are incorrectly labeled as 1/seconds. The correct

units are meters/second.

 

These data will be available on NOAAPORT, NOMADS and the NCEP

FTP server.

 

NOAAPORT Data:

 

This output was first described in previously issued TIN 14-28.

 

The grid that will be provided over the SBN and NOAAPORT is the

2.5 km NDFD grid #184. This is not the expanded 2.5 km grid

#187. The data will be provided for the analysis and each

forecast hour out to the end of the model integration at hour

15. The sub-hourly (15 minute) HRRR output will not be available

over the SBN or NOAAPORT with this initial release. The per

cycle data volume will be approximately 1.9 GB.

 

The WMO Heading for these products will be as follows:

 

T1:     DATA FORMAT OF GRIB2 /Y/

T2:     PARAMETER CODE /ONE OF ADEFHKMNOPQSTUVWXYZ/

A1:     GRID CODE /C/

A2:     FORECAST TIME /ONE OF ABCDEFGHIJKLMZ/

II:     LAYER OR LEVEL /ONE OF 00 01 50 70 73 74 85 86 89 92 98

99/

CCCC:   KWBY

 

Note: NOAAPORT data dissemination will begin October 01, 2014

and parameters will be turned on gradually until all parameters

are available by the end of October 02, 2014.

 

A complete explanation of the WMO headers for all of the

products is available at:

 

http://www.nco.ncep.noaa.gov/pmb/changes/hrrr_wmo_headers.shtml

 

Information on WMO Headers and NECP GRIB messages is online at:

 

http://www.nco.ncep.noaa.gov/pmb/docs/on388/appendixa.html

 

NOMADS Data:

 

Datasets will be available on the NOAA Operational Model Archive

and Distribution System (NOMADS) via the OpenDAP and GRIB filter

interfaces.

 

Product Delivery Times:

 

Each run commences at 24 minutes past the hour. After the pre-

forecast steps, the forecast hour 00 files are available at

approximately 47 minutes past the hour.  The remaining files

will arrive sequentially with the final 15-hour files available

approximately 82 minutes past the synoptic time of the start of

the run.

 

Canceled Runs:

 

The HRRR is allocated a finite amount of NCEP computing

resources. The model integration requires too many resources to

allow the forecast from the previous run to overlap either the 

1-hour spin-up or 15-hour free forecast of the current hour. In

the rare event that the previous hour's run overlaps with the 

1-hr spin-up forecast of the current hour, the current hour's

HRRR run will be canceled.

 

Data Location:

 

A consistent parallel feed of data is available on the NCEP

server via the following URLs:

 

http://www.ftp.ncep.noaa.gov/data/nccf/nonoperational/com/hrrr/para

 

ftp://ftp.ncep.noaa.gov/pub/data/nccf/nonoperational/com/hrrr/para

 

The BUFR files with data for a single station can be found in

the bufr.tXXz subdirectory.

 

For more general information about the HRRR, please see:

 

http://rapidrefresh.noaa.gov/hrrr

 

For questions regarding this implementation, please contact:

 

      Geoff Manikin

      NCEP/Mesoscale Modeling Branch

      College Park, MD

      301-683-3695

      geoffrey.manikin@noaa.gov

 

or

      Curtis Alexander

      ESRL / General Sciences Division

      Boulder, Colorado

      303-497-4725

      curtis.alexander@noaa.gov

 

For questions regarding the dataflow aspects of these datasets,

please contact:

 

     Justin Cooke

     NCEP/NCO Dataflow Team

     College Park, Maryland 20746

     301-683-3833

     ncep.pmb.dataflow@noaa.gov

 

NWS National Technical Implementation Notices are online at:

 

   http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/notif.htm

 

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