" The National Weather Service T (NWS) provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas, for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. NWS data and products form a national information database and infrastructure which can be used by other governmental agencies, the private sector, the public, and the global community. " It is accomplished by providing warnings and forecast of hazardous weather, including thunderstorms, flooding, hurricanes, tornadoes, winter weather, tsunamis, and climate events. The NWS is the sole United States OFFICIAL voice for issuing warnings during life-threatening weather situations.
On February 9, 1950, the National Weather Service reached the age of 80 years. It was on February 9, 1870, that Congress approved a joint resolution creating a weather service as part of the Signal Service (later Signal Corps) of the Army. This undertaking had largely grown out of the efforts of Prof. Cleveland Abbe (1838-1916), who was at that time director of the Cincinnati Observatory.
With the assistance of the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce and the Western Union Telegraph Company, Professor Abbe had in 1869 organized a system of telegraphic weather reports, daily weather maps, and weather forecasts. It was the first undertaking of its kind in America, and was the prototype of the service established the following year by the Federal Government. What has happened to the National Weather Service since is history, but the circumstances of its inception are perhaps less well known. Let Professor Abbe's own words, written only a few months before his death describe these beginnings.