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000
FXUS61 KBTV 211820
AFDBTV
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Burlington VT
120 PM EST Wed Feb 21 2018
.SYNOPSIS...
Record breaking warm temperatures are expected today which will
cause significant snow melt and sharp rises on local streams
and rivers. Areas of ice jam flooding are possible through
Wednesday night. Scattered rain showers will be seen as a cold
front will push through the area this afternoon. Temperatures
will quickly drop temperatures back into the 20s and 30s tonight
with drier conditions expected on Thursday and Friday.
&&
.NEAR TERM /THROUGH THURSDAY/...
As of 1223 PM EST Wednesday...Updated to capture latest trends
in clouds/temps and dwpts. Current satl pic shows a sharp line
of clouds moving into central/northern VT attm with the actual
sfc boundary across western dacks. Temps will drop 5 to 8
degrees with increasing clouds and another 10 to 15 degrees with
the actual boundary this aftn. A brief rain shower with qpf less
than a tenth of an inch is expected with fropa. Have continued
to mention highest pops in the northern dacks into the
northern/central greens this aftn. Also, have tried to integrate
latest obs into hourly temp fields to capture trends. Both
MPV/BTV have reached 69 with 70 at Rutland. RER has been
updated.
Hydro update...continuing to see river rises from significant
snowmelt at mid/upper elevations this aftn...with some isolated ice
jam related flooding on the Ausable, Salmon, Great Chazy, and
Winooski. Still watching the Lamoille, Passumpsic, and
Missisquoi very closely given latest hydro graph trends showing
sharp rises for the potential ice jam related flooding.
Previous discussion below:
However, a cold front will push through the North Country this
afternoon and inhibit the extent of how warm it will get today
due to the frontal passage occurring prior to peak heating. Even
so, record high temperatures are all but certain across much of
the forecast area before temperatures drop back below freezing
tonight. Although PWAT values are in the 1 to 1.4 inch range
(which is 3 to 4 standard deviations above normal), the lack of
synoptic forcing will likely lead to just some scattered rain
showers throughout the morning and afternoon hours before drier
air filters in behind the front.
The main concern today will be the potential for localized
flooding due to ice jams. There was an ice jam near Ausable
Forks for a large portion of the overnight hours but it released
around 3:30 AM. Additional flooding from ice jams is possible
today and tonight as snow continues to melt from the mountains
and flows into the main stem rivers and interacts with pre-
existing ice jams from the previous warm up in January. The
good news is there should only be another 0.05 to 0.15 inches
of rainfall today with the frontal passage; so additional
rainfall should not complicate matters further.
For Thursday...more seasonable, yet slightly above normal,
temperatures will be observed. A weak shortwave will rotate
around the Bermuda High and bring a chance of snowfall to
Rutland and Windsor counties but most of the snowfall is
expected to stay well south of the area.
&&
.SHORT TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT/...
As of 410 AM EST Wednesday...Friday night looks quiet with 1040 mb high
pressure center moving across southern Quebec. With clear skies
to partly cloudy skies temps should fall into the teens with
the normal cold spots down in to the single numbers.
The next system quickly approaches from the southwest on Friday
with some overrunning warm advection precipitation by afternoon. the
850mb zero line moves north of the region by evening on the nose of
a 40 kt SW flow. It looks like temperatures will warm surface and
aloft so it will be mostly a snow or mix changing to rain type of
event. QPF looks light perhaps 0.10-0.30" event with perhaps an inch
of snow mainly in northeast VT.  High temps on Friday mainly in the
30s.
Friday night most of the precip will have moved out, but with some
weak cold advection as another weaker high pressure system moves
into Quebec. Lows mainly the upper 20s to lower 30s, well above
normal for this time of year.
&&
.LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
As of 410 AM EST Wednesday...A persistent and mild WSW flow aloft is
expected through the period with a deep subtropical high over
Florida. High pressure and ridging aloft over the east will
bring quiet mild day on Saturday with highs in the 40s.
Meanwhile a rather strong low pressure will track from CO
through the western Great Lakes into James Bay Canada through
Sunday night. It`s associated occluded frontal system and
precipitation will move through the North Country during Sunday.
We`ll be on the warm side of that system as well as temperature
profiles warm above freezing right up through 850 mb so any
mixed rain and snow will change to rain once again. The winds
should be stronger on Sunday as we see some downsloping
developing. Anticipate 20-25kts with gusts of 25-35kts along the
western slopes of the Greens and the northern slopes of the
Adirondacks. It does look a little drier and slightly cooler
Monday and Tuesday with ridging aloft and a NW flow, but still
looking at highs in the upper 30s to lower 40s with lows
overnight in the mostly in the mid 20s to low 30s, continuing
above normal.
&&
.AVIATION /18Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
Through 18Z Thursday...A brief shot of MVFR/IFR conditions is
moving through NY with the frontal passage as some light rain
falls but will quickly become VFR on the back side of the front
as drier air returns to the region. Expect VFR conditions to
prevail through overnight hours into tomorrow with some gusty
southwesterly winds at KBTV/KMPV/KRUT this evening switching to
northwesterly after 00Z.
Outlook...
Thursday Night: VFR. NO SIG WX.
Friday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Likely RA, Chance
SN.
Friday Night: Mainly MVFR, with local IFR possible. Likely SN,
Likely RA, Chance SHSN.
Saturday: Mainly MVFR, with areas VFR possible. Chance SHRA,
Chance SHSN.
Saturday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Chance SN,
Chance SHSN.
Sunday: Mainly MVFR and IFR, with local VFR possible. Likely RA,
Likely SN.
Sunday Night: VFR. Chance SHSN, Chance SHRA.
Monday: VFR. Chance SHRA, Chance SHSN.
&&
.HYDROLOGY...
As of 410 AM EST Wednesday...Record-breaking warmth will continue
across the area today with record-breaking high temperatures in
the 60s to near 70 in some locales. Despite relatively light
rainfall, moist winds and dewpoint temperatures in the 40s to
lower 50s will continue to foster rapid snowmelt and ice break-
up across the entire area. Also boosting confidence are
extremely high thawing degree hour totals with two day totals by
later today averaging from 900 to 1200. As a result, modest to
substantial river rises are occurring and will continue into
this evening supported by NAEFS/SREF MMEFS hydrograph data and
reflected in our latest river forecasts. While widespread open
water flooding is not expected, several rivers may approach
minor flood. More importantly, numerous ice jams remain in place
from the substantial thaw this past January so the potential
for localized high water and/or flooding near these features
remain a real threat as ice break-up occurs.
&&
.CLIMATE...
Here are the current record high temperatures for today:
BTV................60* (2018)...
MPV................57 (1953)...
MSS................62 (1953)...
St. Johnsbury......62 (1981)...
*Site hit record high temperature early this morning with
temperatures continuing to rise through this afternoon.
&&
.BTV WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
VT...Flood Watch until 7 PM EST this evening for VTZ001>012-016>019.
NY...Flood Watch until 7 PM EST this evening for NYZ026>031-034-035-
     087.
&&
$$
SYNOPSIS...Clay
NEAR TERM...Clay/Taber
SHORT TERM...Sisson
LONG TERM...Sisson
AVIATION...Verasamy
HYDROLOGY...TEAM BTV
CLIMATE...TEAM BTV


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