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000
NOUS43 KABR 241141
PNSABR
MNZ039-046-242345-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
641 AM CDT THU APR 24 2014

       ...MINNESOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...

             ...TORNADO DRILL SCHEDULE TODAY...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE...THE MINNESOTA DIVISION OF HOMELAND
SECURITY AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT...AND OTHER STATE...COUNTY AND LOCAL
AGENCIES ...HAVE BEEN CONDUCTING AWARENESS ACTIVITIES THIS WEEK.
THE HIGHLIGHT IS A TORNADO DRILL TODAY.  THE DRILL WILL TEST THE
STATEWIDE WARNING AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

THE SCHEDULE TODAY IS AS FOLLOWS...

100 PM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE A SIMULATED
          TORNADO WATCH FOR MINNESOTA.

145 PM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE A SIMULATED
          TORNADO WARNING FOR ALL MINNESOTA COUNTIES.  NOTE THAT
          MOST CITIES AND COUNTIES STATEWIDE WILL ACTIVATE
          OUTDOOR WARNING SIREN SYSTEMS.

200 PM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE AN...END OF
          TEST...MESSAGE USING THE SEVERE WEATHER STATEMENT.
          IT SHOULD BE STATED THAT OUTDOOR WARNING SIRENS WILL
          NOT BE SOUNDED AGAIN FOR THIS END OF TEST...NOR WILL
          THERE BE ANY WARNING TONE ON NOAA WEATHER RADIO.

655 PM  - ANOTHER SIMULATED TORNADO WARNING FOR PARTICIPATING
          COUNTIES IN MINNESOTA.

          A GRAPHIC OF THE COUNTIES PARTICIPATING IN THE EVENING
          DRILL IS AVAILABLE AT: HTTP://WWW.SEVEREWEATHER.STATE.MN.US

THE 655 PM WARNING WILL BE ISSUED BY ALL THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE OFFICES THAT SERVE MINNESOTA. IT WILL BE ISSUED AS A
TEST OF FAMILY PREPAREDNESS IN THE HOME AND FOR SECOND SHIFT WORKERS.

$$










000
NOUS43 KABR 241140
PNSABR
MNZ039-046-242345-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
640 AM CDT THU APR 24 2014

...MINNESOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY FOUR
...TORNADO SAFETY INFORMATION...

BEFORE THE TORNADO...
TORNADO WATCHES HIGHLIGHT THE AREA WHERE TORNADOES ARE MOST LIKELY TO
DEVELOP. CONTINUE WITH YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES...BUT KEEP
INFORMED OF THE LATEST WEATHER INFORMATION...AND BE READY TO GET
TO SHELTER IN CASE TORNADOES DEVELOP QUICKLY.

IN THE HOME...
GO TO THE BASEMENT IF POSSIBLE.  GET UNDER A TABLE...WORK BENCH...OR SOME
OTHER STURDY FURNITURE TO AVOID FALLING DEBRIS. A STAIRWELL IS
ALSO A GOOD PLACE TO HIDE DURING A TORNADO.

IF YOU CANNOT GET TO A BASEMENT...
GO TO A SMALL INTERIOR ROOM ON THE LOWEST FLOOR.  CLOSETS...BATHROOMS AND
INTERIOR HALLS AFFORD THE BEST PROTECTION IN MOST CASES. IF THOSE
ARE UNAVAILABLE... TRY TO HIDE UNDER A BED OR GET UNDER SOMETHING
STURDY LIKE A WORK BENCH. COVER YOURSELF WITH BLANKETS TO PROTECT
YOURSELF FROM DEBRIS. STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.

IN AN APARTMENT...SCHOOL OR OFFICE BUILDING...
MOVE TO THE INNERMOST ROOM ON THE LOWEST LEVEL OR TO A PRE-DESIGNATED
SHELTER AREA. STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.IF IN A HALLWAY...CROUCH
DOWN AND PROTECT YOUR HEAD FROM FLYING DEBRIS. AVOID AREAS WITH
GLASS AND LARGE ROOF EXPANSIONS.

IN A MOBILE HOME...CAR...TRUCK OR OTHER VEHICLE...
ABANDON THESE AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE.  SEEK A STURDY SHELTER OR PERMANENT
STRUCTURE. REMEMBER THAT MANY DEATHS OCCUR WHEN PEOPLE TRY TO
DRIVE AWAY IN A VEHICLE...BUT GET CAUGHT IN THE DEADLY WINDS.
AVOID BRIDGES SINCE THEY ACT AS WIND TUNNELS.

$$










000
NOUS43 KABR 241138
PNSABR
SDZ003>011-015>023-033>037-045-048-051-242345-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
638 AM CDT THU APR 24 2014 /538 AM MDT THU APR 24 2014/

...SOUTH DAKOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY FOUR
...FLOODS AND FLASH FLOODS...

ON A NATIONAL LEVEL...
FLOODS AND FLASH FLOODS CLAIM NEARLY 200 LIVES ANNUALLY...FORCE
300,000 PERSONS FROM THEIR HOMES...AND RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE
IN EXCESS OF 2 BILLION DOLLARS. CHARACTERISTICALLY...75 PERCENT
OF FLASH FLOOD DEATHS OCCUR AT NIGHT WITH HALF OF THE VICTIMS
DYING IN THEIR AUTOMOBILES OR OTHER VEHICLES.  IT MAY BE
DIFFICULT TO BELIEVE...BUT MANY DEATHS OCCUR WHEN PERSONS KNOWINGLY
DRIVE AROUND ROAD BARRICADES INDICATING THE ROAD IS WASHED OUT AHEAD.

LAST YEAR IN SOUTH DAKOTA...
FLOODING AND FLASH FLOODING CAUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO CROPS...
PROPERTY AND PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE SUCH AS BRIDGES AND ROADS LAST
YEAR.

ARE YOU PREPARED...
ASSUME A THUNDERSTORM PRODUCES 6 INCHES OF RAIN IN LESS THAN 6 HOURS
TIME NEAR YOUR COMMUNITY. STORMS OF THIS MAGNITUDE OR GREATER OCCUR
SEVERAL TIMES EACH YEAR IN THE U.S...WOULD YOU KNOW WHAT ACTION TO
TAKE TO PROTECT YOURSELF AND THE PEOPLE WHO DEPEND ON YOU FOR SAFETY?
AFTER A MAJOR FLOOD EVENT ONE OF THE MOST COMMON QUOTES FROM THE
SURVIVORS OF THE FLOOD IS THE EXPRESSION THEY DID NOT BELIEVE
IT COULD HAPPEN TO THEM OR IN THEIR COMMUNITY.

BEFORE THE FLOODING...
THERE IS NOTHING ANYONE CAN DO TO PREVENT THE OCCURRENCE OF
FLASH FLOOD PRODUCING RAINFALL. HOWEVER...BY STRIVING FOR
SOUND FLOOD PLAIN ZONING...DEVELOPING AN EMERGENCY ACTION
PLAN IN ADVANCE OF THE DISASTER...PURCHASING FLOOD INSURANCE
AT LEAST 30 DAYS BEFORE THE FLOODING...AND BEING AWARE OF THE
DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH EXTREMELY HEAVY RAINFALL AND FLOODING...THERE
IS A CHANCE OF DECREASING THE DEATH TOLL AND PROPERTY DAMAGE
THAT RESULTS FROM FLASH FLOODING.

$$









000
NOUS43 KABR 231031
PNSABR
SDZ003>011-015>023-033>037-045-048-051-232245-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
531 AM CDT WED APR 23 2014 /431 AM MDT WED APR 23 2014/

         ...SOUTH DAKOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...

...TORNADO DRILL SCHEDULE TODAY...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE...SOUTH DAKOTA OFFICE OF EMERGENCY
MANAGEMENT...AND OTHER STATE...COUNTY AND LOCAL AGENCIES...HAVE
BEEN CONDUCTING AWARENESS ACTIVITIES THIS WEEK. THE HIGHLIGHT IS A
TORNADO DRILL TODAY. THE DRILL WILL TEST THE STATEWIDE WARNING AND
COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

THE SCHEDULE TODAY IS AS FOLLOWS...

1000 AM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE A SIMULATED
   TORNADO WATCH FOR SOUTH DAKOTA.

1015 AM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE A SIMULATED
   TORNADO WARNING FOR SOUTH DAKOTA.  NOTE THAT
   MOST CITIES AND COUNTIES STATEWIDE WILL ACTIVATE
   OUTDOOR WARNING SIREN SYSTEMS.

1030 AM  - THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL ISSUE AN...END OF
   TEST...MESSAGE USING THE SEVERE WEATHER STATEMENT. IT
   SHOULD BE STATED THAT THERE WILL NOT BE ANY WARNING TONE
   ON NOAA WEATHER RADIO FOR THIS END OF TEST MESSAGE.

$$










000
NOUS43 KABR 231029
PNSABR
SDZ003>011-015>023-033>037-045-048-051-232300-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
529 AM CDT WED APR 23 2014 /429 AM MDT WED APR 23 2014/

...SOUTH DAKOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY THREE
...TORNADO SAFETY INFORMATION...

BEFORE THE TORNADO...
TORNADO WATCHES HIGHLIGHT THE AREA WHERE TORNADOES ARE MOST LIKELY TO
DEVELOP. CONTINUE WITH YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES...BUT KEEP
INFORMED OF THE LATEST WEATHER INFORMATION...AND BE READY TO GET
TO SHELTER IN CASE TORNADOES DEVELOP QUICKLY.

IN THE HOME...
GO TO THE BASEMENT IF POSSIBLE.  GET UNDER A TABLE...WORK BENCH...OR SOME
OTHER STURDY FURNITURE TO AVOID FALLING DEBRIS. A STAIRWELL IS
ALSO A GOOD PLACE TO HIDE DURING A TORNADO.

IF YOU CANNOT GET TO A BASEMENT...
GO TO A SMALL INTERIOR ROOM ON THE LOWEST FLOOR.  CLOSETS...BATHROOMS AND
INTERIOR HALLS AFFORD THE BEST PROTECTION IN MOST CASES. IF THOSE
ARE UNAVAILABLE... TRY TO HIDE UNDER A BED OR GET UNDER SOMETHING
STURDY LIKE A WORK BENCH. COVER YOURSELF WITH BLANKETS TO PROTECT
YOURSELF FROM DEBRIS. STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.

IN AN APARTMENT...SCHOOL OR OFFICE BUILDING...
MOVE TO THE INNERMOST ROOM ON THE LOWEST LEVEL OR TO A PRE-DESIGNATED
SHELTER AREA. STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.IF IN A HALLWAY...CROUCH
DOWN AND PROTECT YOUR HEAD FROM FLYING DEBRIS. AVOID AREAS WITH
GLASS AND LARGE ROOF EXPANSIONS.

IN A MOBILE HOME...CAR...TRUCK OR OTHER VEHICLE...
ABANDON THESE AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE.  SEEK A STURDY SHELTER OR PERMANENT
STRUCTURE. REMEMBER THAT MANY DEATHS OCCUR WHEN PEOPLE TRY TO
DRIVE AWAY IN A VEHICLE...BUT GET CAUGHT IN THE DEADLY WINDS.
AVOID BRIDGES SINCE THEY ACT AS WIND TUNNELS.

$$









000
NOUS43 KABR 231028
PNSABR
MNZ039-046-232300-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
528 AM CDT WED APR 23 2014

...MINNESOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY THREE
...FLOODS AND FLASH FLOODS...

ON A NATIONAL LEVEL...
FLOODS CLAIM NEARLY 200 LIVES ANNUALLY...FORCE 300,000 PERSONS
FROM THEIR HOMES...AND RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE IN EXCESS OF 2
BILLION DOLLARS.  CHARACTERISTICALLY...75 PERCENT OF FLASH FLOOD
DEATHS OCCUR AT NIGHT WITH HALF OF THE VICTIMS DYING IN THEIR
AUTOMOBILES OR OTHER VEHICLES. IT MAY BE DIFFICULT TO BELIEVE...BUT
MANY DEATHS OCCUR WHEN PERSONS KNOWINGLY DRIVE AROUND ROAD
BARRICADES INDICATING THE ROAD IS WASHED OUT AHEAD.

LAST YEAR IN MINNESOTA...
FLOODING AND FLASH FLOODING CAUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO CROPS...
PROPERTY AND PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE SUCH AS BRIDGES AND ROADS LAST
YEAR.

ARE YOU PREPARED...
ASSUME A THUNDERSTORM PRODUCES 6 INCHES OF RAIN IN LESS THAN
6 HOURS TIME NEAR YOUR COMMUNITY.  STORMS OF THIS MAGNITUDE OR
GREATER OCCUR SEVERAL TIMES EACH YEAR IN THE U.S...WOULD YOU KNOW
WHAT ACTION TO TAKE TO PROTECT YOURSELF AND THE PEOPLE WHO DEPEND
ON YOU FOR SAFETY?  AFTER A MAJOR FLOOD EVENT ONE OF THE MOST
COMMON QUOTES FROM THE SURVIVORS OF THE FLOOD IS THE EXPRESSION
THEY DID NOT BELIEVE IT COULD HAPPEN TO THEM OR IN THEIR COMMUNITY.

BEFORE THE FLOODING...
THERE IS NOTHING ANYONE CAN DO TO PREVENT THE OCCURRENCE OF FLASH
FLOOD PRODUCING RAINFALL.  HOWEVER...BY STRIVING FOR SOUND FLOOD
PLAIN ZONING...DEVELOPING AN EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN IN ADVANCE OF
THE DISASTER...PURCHASING FLOOD INSURANCE AT LEAST 30 DAYS BEFORE
THE FLOODING...AND BEING AWARE OF THE DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH
EXTREMELY HEAVY RAINFALL AND FLOODING...THERE IS A CHANCE OF
DECREASING THE DEATH TOLL AND PROPERTY DAMAGE THAT RESULTS FROM
FLASH FLOODING.

NOTE...TOMORROW...THURSDAY APRIL 24...IS THE TORNADO DRILL DAY.
A SIMULATED TORNADO WATCH FOR MINNESOTA WILL BE ISSUED AT 1 PM. A
SIMULATED TORNADO WARNING WILL BE ISSUED FOR ALL MINNESOTA
COUNTIES AT 145 PM AND AGAIN AT 655 PM.

$$









000
NOUS43 KABR 221201
PNSABR
SDZ003>011-015>023-033>037-045-048-051-230015-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
701 AM CDT TUE APR 22 2014 /601 AM MDT TUE APR 22 2014/

...SOUTH DAKOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY TWO
...SEVERE WEATHER WATCHES AND WARNINGS...

WATCHES...
ARE ISSUED WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR TORNADOES...SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS OR FLASH FLOODS. IF YOU ARE IN A WATCH AREA...CONTINUE
WITH NORMAL ACTIVITIES...BUT ALSO MAKE PLANS TO SEEK SHELTER IF NECESSARY.

WARNINGS...
ARE ISSUED WHEN SEVERE WEATHER HAS BEEN REPORTED OR IS IMMINENT.
SEEK SHELTER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU ARE IN OR NEAR THE PATH OF THE STORM.
WARNINGS ARE ISSUED BY COUNTY AND CITY NAMES.  MAKE SURE YOU KNOW
THE NAME OF THE COUNTY IN WHICH YOU LIVE AND THE CITIES THAT SURROUND YOU.

ADVANCE INFORMATION...
THE FORECAST AND WARNING PROCESS BEGINS ONE OR MORE DAYS AHEAD OF
TIME...WHEN THE THREAT AREA IS DETERMINED. HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOKS
ARE ISSUED EARLY EVERY MORNING...AND ARE UPDATED AS CONDITIONS WARRANT.

IF A WATCH IS ISSUED...
LOCAL WEATHER OFFICES ARE STAFFED WITH EXTRA PERSONNEL. STATE OFFICIALS
ARE NOTIFIED...AND THEY PASS INFORMATION TO THE COUNTY AND LOCAL LEVEL.
COUNTIES AND CITIES ACTIVATE THEIR SPOTTER GROUPS AS THE THREAT INCREASES.

TV AND RADIO STATIONS PASS THE WORD TO THE PUBLIC.

IF A WARNING IS ISSUED...
WARNINGS ARE DISSEMINATED SWIFTLY IN A MULTITUDE OF WAYS...INCLUDING TV...
RADIO AND OVER THE INTERNET. ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY HAVE ALLOWED
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE WARNINGS VIA WIRELESS DEVICES. SPOTTERS PROVIDE
IMPORTANT REPORTS ON THE STORM...AND EMERGENCY OFFICIALS CARRY OUT
THE PLANS THAT THE EMERGENCY MANAGERS HAVE DEVELOPED. UPDATES ARE
ISSUED FREQUENTLY UNTIL THE IMMEDIATE THREAT HAS ENDED.

SIRENS...
COUNTIES AND CITIES OWN THE SIRENS AND THEREFORE DECIDE HOW AND
WHEN TO ACTIVATE THEM. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOES NOT
SOUND THEM. THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT POLICIES BY COUNTIES AND
CITIES. SOME WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS ACROSS THE ENTIRE COUNTY FOR A
TORNADO WARNING ONLY. OTHERS WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS COUNTYWIDE FOR
TORNADO WARNINGS AND ALL SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNINGS. SOME WILL
ACTIVATE SIRENS ACROSS THE ENTIRE COUNTY FOR TORNADO WARNINGS AND
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS THAT HAVE WINDS OF AT LEAST 70 OR 75 MPH.
OTHERS WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS ONLY FOR PORTIONS OF COUNTIES. ALSO
LOCAL OFFICIALS MAY SOUND THE SIRENS ANYTIME THEY BELIEVE SEVERE
WEATHER IS A THREAT...EVEN IF THERE IS NO WARNING FROM THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE.

SIRENS NORMALLY SOUND ABOUT THREE MINUTES THEN GO SILENT. IT IS VERY
RARE TO KEEP THE SIRENS SOUNDING FOR THE ENTIRE WARNING SINCE THAT WILL
CAUSE THE BACKUP BATTERY TO RUN OUT...WHICH WOULD BE CRITICAL IN THE EVENT
POWER GOES OUT. FURTHERMORE...THE SIREN MOTOR WILL FAIL MUCH MORE QUICKLY
IF THE SIREN SOUNDS CONTINUOUSLY. SOME JURISDICTIONS MAY REPEAT SIREN
ACTIVATION EVERY FEW MINUTES. THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS AN ALL CLEAR
FOR STORMS.

A QUICK WAY OF REACHING MANY PEOPLE IS THROUGH THE EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM.
MEDIA OUTLETS RECEIVE THE WARNING INFORMATION AND DISSEMINATE IT TO YOU...
OFTEN BY INTERRUPTING PROGRAMMING. MANY TELEVISION STATIONS USE A
CRAWL AND OTHER VISUAL MEANS.

ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY HAVE ALLOWED WATCHES AND WARNINGS TO BE RECEIVED
VIA WIRELESS DEVICES SUCH AS PHONES AND TABLETS. THE MAJOR CELL
PHONE CARRIERS ARE ALSO INGESTING NWS WARNINGS AND RETRANSMITTING
THEM TO THEIR TOWERS IN THE AFFECTED AREAS. SMART PHONES CAPABLE
OF RECEIVING THIS ALERT WILL SOUND AN ALARM NOTIFYING YOU OF THE
TORNADO WARNING.

FINALLY...THE TONE ALERT FEATURE OF NOAA WEATHER RADIO WILL ALSO ACTIVATE
SPECIALLY BUILT RECEIVERS...SOUNDING AN ALARM TO ALERT YOU TO THE DANGER.
IT SOUNDS ITS ALERT ANYTIME THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ISSUES A
WARNING...EVEN IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE A
NOAA WEATHER RADIO...AS YOU CAN NOT ALWAYS DEPEND ON
SIRENS...PHONE CALLS OR SEEING THE WARNINGS ON TELEVISION.

NOTE...TOMORROW...WEDNESDAY APRIL 23...IS THE TORNADO DRILL DAY. A
SIMULATED WATCH FOR SOUTH DAKOTA WILL BE ISSUED AT 1000 AM
CDT900 AM MDT. A SIMULATED TORNADO WARNING WILL BE ISSUED AT 1015
AM CDT915 AM MDT.

$$









000
NOUS43 KABR 221200
PNSABR
MNZ039-046-230000-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ABERDEEN SD
700 AM CDT TUE APR 22 2014

...MINNESOTA SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...DAY TWO
...SEVERE WEATHER WATCHES...WARNINGS AND SIRENS...

WATCHES...
ARE ISSUED WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR TORNADOES...SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS OR FLASH FLOODS. IF YOU ARE IN A WATCH AREA...CONTINUE
WITH NORMAL ACTIVITIES...BUT ALSO MAKE PLANS TO SEEK SHELTER IF NECESSARY.

WARNINGS...
ARE ISSUED WHEN SEVERE WEATHER HAS BEEN REPORTED OR IS IMMINENT.
SEEK SHELTER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU ARE IN OR NEAR THE PATH OF THE
STORM. WARNINGS ARE ISSUED BY COUNTY AND CITY NAMES.  MAKE SURE
YOU KNOW THE NAME OF THE COUNTY IN WHICH YOU LIVE AND THE CITIES
THAT SURROUND YOU.

ADVANCE INFORMATION...
THE FORECAST AND WARNING PROCESS BEGINS ONE OR MORE DAYS AHEAD OF
TIME...WHEN THE THREAT AREA IS DETERMINED. HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOKS
ARE ISSUED EARLY EVERY MORNING...AND UPDATED AS CONDITIONS WARRANT.

IF A WATCH IS ISSUED...
LOCAL WEATHER OFFICES ARE STAFFED WITH EXTRA PERSONNEL. STATE
OFFICIALS ARE NOTIFIED...AND THEY PASS THE INFORMATION TO THE
COUNTY AND LOCAL LEVEL. COUNTIES AND CITIES ACTIVATE THEIR
SPOTTER GROUPS AS THE THREAT INCREASES. TV AND RADIO STATIONS
PASS THE WORD TO THE PUBLIC.

IF A WARNING IS ISSUED...
WARNINGS ARE DISSEMINATED SWIFTLY IN A MULTITUDE OF WAYS...INCLUDING TV...
RADIO AND OVER THE INTERNET. ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY HAVE ALLOWED
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE WARNINGS VIA WIRELESS DEVICES. SPOTTERS PROVIDE
IMPORTANT REPORTS ON THE STORM...AND EMERGENCY OFFICIALS CARRY OUT
THE PLANS THAT THE EMERGENCY MANAGERS HAVE DEVELOPED. UPDATES ARE
ISSUED FREQUENTLY UNTIL THE IMMEDIATE THREAT HAS ENDED.

SIRENS...
COUNTIES AND CITIES OWN THE SIRENS AND THEREFORE DECIDE HOW AND WHEN TO
ACTIVATE THEM. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOES NOT SOUND THEM.
THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT POLICIES BY COUNTIES AND CITIES. SOME
WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS ACROSS THE ENTIRE COUNTY FOR A TORNADO
WARNING ONLY. OTHERS WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS COUNTYWIDE FOR TORNADO
WARNINGS AND ALL SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNINGS. SOME WILL ACTIVATE
SIRENS ACROSS THE ENTIRE COUNTY FOR TORNADO WARNINGS AND SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS THAT HAVE WINDS OF AT LEAST 70 OR 75 MPH. OTHERS
WILL ACTIVATE SIRENS ONLY FOR PORTIONS OF COUNTIES. ALSO LOCAL
OFFICIALS MAY SOUND THE SIRENS ANYTIME THEY BELIEVE SEVERE WEATHER
IS A THREAT...EVEN IF THERE IS NO WARNING FROM THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE.

SIRENS NORMALLY SOUND ABOUT THREE MINUTES THEN GO SILENT. IT IS VERY RARE
TO KEEP THE SIRENS SOUNDING FOR THE ENTIRE WARNING SINCE THAT
WILL CAUSE THE BACKUP BATTERY TO RUN OUT...WHICH WOULD BE CRITICAL
IN THE EVENT POWER GOES OUT. FURTHERMORE... THE SIREN MOTOR WILL
FAIL MUCH MORE QUICKLY IF THE SIREN SOUNDS CONTINUOUSLY. SOME
JURISDICTIONS MAY REPEAT SIREN ACTIVATION EVERY FEW MINUTES. THERE
IS NO SUCH THING AS AN ALL CLEAR FOR STORMS.

A QUICK WAY OF REACHING MANY PEOPLE IS THROUGH THE EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM.
MEDIA OUTLETS RECEIVE THE WARNING INFORMATION AND DISSEMINATE IT
TO YOU...OFTEN BY INTERRUPTING PROGRAMMING. MANY TELEVISION
STATIONS USE A CRAWL AND OTHER VISUAL MEANS.

ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY HAVE ALLOWED WATCHES AND WARNINGS TO BE RECEIVED
VIA WIRELESS DEVICES SUCH AS PHONES AND TABLETS. THE MAJOR CELL
PHONE CARRIERS ARE ALSO INGESTING NWS WARNINGS AND RETRANSMITTING
THEM TO THEIR TOWERS IN THE AFFECTED AREAS. SMART PHONES CAPABLE
OF RECEIVING THIS ALERT WILL SOUND AN ALARM NOTIFYING YOU OF THE
TORNADO WARNING.

FINALLY...THE TONE ALERT FEATURE OF NOAA WEATHER RADIO WILL ALSO ACTIVATE
SPECIALLY BUILT RECEIVERS...SOUNDING AN ALARM TO ALERT YOU TO THE
DANGER. IT SOUNDS ITS ALERT ANYTIME THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
ISSUES A WARNING...EVEN IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT. MAKE SURE YOU
HAVE A NOAA WEATHER RADIO...AS YOU CAN NOT ALWAYS DEPEND ON
SIRENS... PHONE CALLS OR SEEING THE WARNINGS ON TELEVISION.

$$









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