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000
NOUS41 KBGM 291201
PNSBGM
NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-290400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT THU APR 28 2016

THIS IS THE FOURTH OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY
WHICH WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TORNADO WATCH AND A
TORNADO WARNING, AND GIVE YOU TIPS ON WHAT TO DO WHEN A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

WHAT IS A TORNADO?
A TORNADO IS A VIOLENTLY ROTATING COLUMN OF AIR IN CONTACT WITH THE
GROUND. THE WIND SPEED INSIDE A TORNADO RANGES FROM UNDER 100 MILES
AN HOUR TO OVER 200 MILES AN HOUR. THEY CAN TRAVEL AS FAST AS
70 MPH, AND CAN DESTROY VIRTUALLY EVERYTHING IN THEIR PATH.

WHILE MOST TORNADOES THAT OCCUR IN CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA ARE NOT AS STRONG AS THEIR COUNTERPARTS IN THE
MIDWEST, STRONG AND DAMAGING TORNADOES CAN AND DO OCCUR HERE.
ON MAY 31ST AND JUNE 2ND 1998, CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA WAS HIT BY SEVERAL TORNADOES, SOME OF WHICH HAD WIND
SPEEDS UP TO 150 MPH! IN JULY 2014 THERE WAS A TORNADO THAT
KILLED 4 PEOPLE IN UPSTATE NEW YORK. IN JUNE OF 1998 2 PEOPLE
WERE KILLED BY A TORNADO IN NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA.

WHAT DOES A TORNADO WATCH MEAN?

A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE, OVER A
LARGE AREA, FOR TORNADOES AND SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS. THE TORNADO
WATCH IS ISSUED TO ALERT YOU TO THE POSSIBILITY THAT SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED TO DEVELOP, AND THAT THEY MAY PRODUCE
TORNADOES. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE`S STORM PREDICTION CENTER
ISSUES A TORNADO WATCH FOR MANY COUNTIES AND FOR SEVERAL HOURS AT
A TIME.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED?

GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES, BUT WATCH THE SKY AROUND YOU
FOR DEVELOPING STORMS. PERIODICALLY LISTEN TO NOAA WEATHER RADIO,
TV AND RADIO STATIONS OR CHECK YOUR MOBILE DEVICE FOR UPDATES
AND POSSIBLE WARNINGS.

KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN, AND WHICH ONES BORDER YOUR
COMMUNITY. IF YOU ARE ON VACATION, OR DRIVING THROUGH AN UNFAMILIAR
AREA, REMEMBER THE NAME OF THE COUNTY YOU ARE IN AND WHERE YOU
ARE IN RELATION TO OTHER TOWNS OR CITIES. KNOW HOW TO GET TO A SAFE
PLACE QUICKLY IF A WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA, OR IF
THUNDERSTORMS APPROACH.

WHAT DOES A TORNADO WARNING MEAN?
A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED WHEN DOPPLER RADAR SHOWS A DEVELOPING
TORNADO, OR A WHEN A TORNADO HAS BEEN SIGHTED BY SKYWARN
SPOTTERS, COUNTY EMERGENCY OFFICIALS, POLICE, OR THE PUBLIC. THE
WARNING MEANS A TORNADO IS GOING TO MOVE THROUGH YOUR COUNTY
SOON, SO YOU NEED TO TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND
PROPERTY. TORNADO WARNINGS ARE ISSUED BY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
OFFICES, TYPICALLY FOR A PORTION OF A COUNTY, FOR UP
TO ONE HOUR.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED?
THE KEY IS TO REMAIN CALM, BUT TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION.  IF YOU ARE
AT HOME OR IN A SMALL BUILDING, GO TO THE BASEMENT OR TO AN
INTERIOR ROOM ON THE LOWEST FLOOR. CLOSETS, BATHROOMS, AND OTHER
INTERIOR ROOMS OFFER THE BEST PROTECTION. GET UNDER SOMETHING
STURDY OR COVER YOURSELF WITH A MATTRESS.

IF YOU ARE IN A SCHOOL, HOSPITAL, OR SHOPPING CENTER, GO TO A
PRE DESIGNATED SHELTER AREA. STAY AWAY FROM LARGE OPEN AREAS AND
WINDOWS. DO NOT GO OUTSIDE TO YOUR CAR. IF YOU ARE IN A HIGH RISE
BUILDING, GO TO AN INTERIOR SMALL ROOM OR HALLWAY ON THE LOWEST
FLOOR POSSIBLE. DO NOT USE THE ELEVATOR, USE THE STAIRS INSTEAD.

FOR THE BEST PROTECTION, GET UNDER SOMETHING STURDY OR DROP TO YOUR
KNEES FACING AN INTERIOR WALL. LEAN FORWARD, WITH YOUR HANDS
SHIELDING YOUR HEAD.

GET OUT OF MOBILE HOMES OR VEHICLES. THEY ARE EASILY TOSSED ABOUT BY
STRONG WINDS IN THE TORNADO. TAKE SHELTER IN A SUBSTANTIAL
STRUCTURE. IF THERE IS NO SHELTER NEARBY, LIE FLAT IN A DITCH OR LOW
SPOT, WITH YOUR HANDS SHIELDING YOUR HEAD. NEVER STAY INSIDE THE
MOBILE HOME OR VEHICLE.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY AND SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

THE WEATHER SAFETY TOPIC FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK WILL BE AS
FOLLOWS:

FRIDAY, FLOODING.

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT, DAVID NICOSIA, WARNING COORDINATION
METEOROLOGIST FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN
BINGHAMTON, AT 607-770-9531 X 223, OR EMAIL AT
DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN





000
NOUS41 KBGM 291201
PNSBGM
NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-290400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT THU APR 28 2016

THIS IS THE FOURTH OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY
WHICH WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TORNADO WATCH AND A
TORNADO WARNING, AND GIVE YOU TIPS ON WHAT TO DO WHEN A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

WHAT IS A TORNADO?
A TORNADO IS A VIOLENTLY ROTATING COLUMN OF AIR IN CONTACT WITH THE
GROUND. THE WIND SPEED INSIDE A TORNADO RANGES FROM UNDER 100 MILES
AN HOUR TO OVER 200 MILES AN HOUR. THEY CAN TRAVEL AS FAST AS
70 MPH, AND CAN DESTROY VIRTUALLY EVERYTHING IN THEIR PATH.

WHILE MOST TORNADOES THAT OCCUR IN CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA ARE NOT AS STRONG AS THEIR COUNTERPARTS IN THE
MIDWEST, STRONG AND DAMAGING TORNADOES CAN AND DO OCCUR HERE.
ON MAY 31ST AND JUNE 2ND 1998, CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA WAS HIT BY SEVERAL TORNADOES, SOME OF WHICH HAD WIND
SPEEDS UP TO 150 MPH! IN JULY 2014 THERE WAS A TORNADO THAT
KILLED 4 PEOPLE IN UPSTATE NEW YORK. IN JUNE OF 1998 2 PEOPLE
WERE KILLED BY A TORNADO IN NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA.

WHAT DOES A TORNADO WATCH MEAN?

A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE, OVER A
LARGE AREA, FOR TORNADOES AND SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS. THE TORNADO
WATCH IS ISSUED TO ALERT YOU TO THE POSSIBILITY THAT SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED TO DEVELOP, AND THAT THEY MAY PRODUCE
TORNADOES. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE`S STORM PREDICTION CENTER
ISSUES A TORNADO WATCH FOR MANY COUNTIES AND FOR SEVERAL HOURS AT
A TIME.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED?

GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES, BUT WATCH THE SKY AROUND YOU
FOR DEVELOPING STORMS. PERIODICALLY LISTEN TO NOAA WEATHER RADIO,
TV AND RADIO STATIONS OR CHECK YOUR MOBILE DEVICE FOR UPDATES
AND POSSIBLE WARNINGS.

KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN, AND WHICH ONES BORDER YOUR
COMMUNITY. IF YOU ARE ON VACATION, OR DRIVING THROUGH AN UNFAMILIAR
AREA, REMEMBER THE NAME OF THE COUNTY YOU ARE IN AND WHERE YOU
ARE IN RELATION TO OTHER TOWNS OR CITIES. KNOW HOW TO GET TO A SAFE
PLACE QUICKLY IF A WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA, OR IF
THUNDERSTORMS APPROACH.

WHAT DOES A TORNADO WARNING MEAN?
A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED WHEN DOPPLER RADAR SHOWS A DEVELOPING
TORNADO, OR A WHEN A TORNADO HAS BEEN SIGHTED BY SKYWARN
SPOTTERS, COUNTY EMERGENCY OFFICIALS, POLICE, OR THE PUBLIC. THE
WARNING MEANS A TORNADO IS GOING TO MOVE THROUGH YOUR COUNTY
SOON, SO YOU NEED TO TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND
PROPERTY. TORNADO WARNINGS ARE ISSUED BY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
OFFICES, TYPICALLY FOR A PORTION OF A COUNTY, FOR UP
TO ONE HOUR.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED?
THE KEY IS TO REMAIN CALM, BUT TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION.  IF YOU ARE
AT HOME OR IN A SMALL BUILDING, GO TO THE BASEMENT OR TO AN
INTERIOR ROOM ON THE LOWEST FLOOR. CLOSETS, BATHROOMS, AND OTHER
INTERIOR ROOMS OFFER THE BEST PROTECTION. GET UNDER SOMETHING
STURDY OR COVER YOURSELF WITH A MATTRESS.

IF YOU ARE IN A SCHOOL, HOSPITAL, OR SHOPPING CENTER, GO TO A
PRE DESIGNATED SHELTER AREA. STAY AWAY FROM LARGE OPEN AREAS AND
WINDOWS. DO NOT GO OUTSIDE TO YOUR CAR. IF YOU ARE IN A HIGH RISE
BUILDING, GO TO AN INTERIOR SMALL ROOM OR HALLWAY ON THE LOWEST
FLOOR POSSIBLE. DO NOT USE THE ELEVATOR, USE THE STAIRS INSTEAD.

FOR THE BEST PROTECTION, GET UNDER SOMETHING STURDY OR DROP TO YOUR
KNEES FACING AN INTERIOR WALL. LEAN FORWARD, WITH YOUR HANDS
SHIELDING YOUR HEAD.

GET OUT OF MOBILE HOMES OR VEHICLES. THEY ARE EASILY TOSSED ABOUT BY
STRONG WINDS IN THE TORNADO. TAKE SHELTER IN A SUBSTANTIAL
STRUCTURE. IF THERE IS NO SHELTER NEARBY, LIE FLAT IN A DITCH OR LOW
SPOT, WITH YOUR HANDS SHIELDING YOUR HEAD. NEVER STAY INSIDE THE
MOBILE HOME OR VEHICLE.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY AND SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

THE WEATHER SAFETY TOPIC FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK WILL BE AS
FOLLOWS:

FRIDAY, FLOODING.

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT, DAVID NICOSIA, WARNING COORDINATION
METEOROLOGIST FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN
BINGHAMTON, AT 607-770-9531 X 223, OR EMAIL AT
DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN





000
NOUS41 KBGM 281201
PNSBGM
NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-300400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT FRI APR 29 2016

THIS IS THE FIFTH OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY WHICH
WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS
WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS FLOOD SAFETY AND THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A FLOOD
WATCH AND A FLOOD WARNING, AND TELL YOU WHAT TO DO IF A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

FLOODS CAN BE DEADLY!
FLOODS ARE THE NUMBER ONE KILLER IN THE UNITED STATES AMONG
STORM RELATED NATURAL HAZARDS. THE MAIN CAUSE OF DEATH DURING
FLOODS COMES FROM AUTOMOBILES BEING SWEPT AWAY BY FLOOD WATERS. MANY
PEOPLE DIE NEEDLESSLY IN FLOODS BECAUSE THEY TRY TO CROSS
FLOODED ROADWAYS!

CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA HAVE A LONG HISTORY OF FLOODS.
DEVASTATING FLOODS ARE NO STRANGER TO CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA. IN FACT, FLOODING RANKS AS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO MANY
COMMUNITIES IN OUR REGION. THERE ARE MANY WAYS THAT FLOODING CAN DEVELOP
OVER OUR AREA. STATIONARY THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED A MAJOR FLOOD IN JULY 1935
AND IN THE CATSKILLS AND POCONOS IN MAY 2004 AND JUNE 2007 RESPECTIVELY.
TROPICAL STORMS "AGNES" AND "ELOISE" BOTH CAUSED MAJOR FLOODS OVER THE
AREA IN 1972 AND 1975 RESPECTIVELY. RAPID SNOW MELT COMBINED
WITH HEAVY RAINFALL RESULTED IN MAJOR FLOODS IN BOTH JANUARY 1996 AND
APRIL 2005. A TROPICAL FEED OF MOISTURE PARKED OVER THE AREA FOR SEVERAL
DAYS IN JUNE 2006 AND CAUSED SIGNIFICANT FLOODING OVER A LARGE PORTION OF
CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA. TROPICAL CYCLONES IRENE AND
LEE ALSO BROUGHT CATASTROPHIC FLOODING TO OUR AREA IN SEPTEMBER 2011.

WHAT TYPES OF FLOODS ARE THERE?,
FLOODS, WHICH OCCUR ON SMALL STREAMS AND CREEKS, WHEN HEAVY RAIN
FALLS IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME ARE KNOWN AS FLASH FLOODS. THEY ARE
THE DEADLIEST OF ALL FLOODS, AND ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT TO FORECAST.
WARNING TIMES CAN BE VERY SHORT. FLOODING ALSO OCCURS ON OUR LARGER
RIVERS AND STREAMS.  A PERIOD OF MILD WINTER WEATHER CAN CAUSE
ICE ON THE RIVER TO BREAK UP, CAUSING ICE JAM FLOODING.

WHAT DOES A FLOOD WATCH MEAN?
A FLOOD WATCH MEANS THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING TO OCCUR, NOT THAT
FLOODING IS OCCURRING. THE WATCH IS TYPICALLY ISSUED FOR SEVERAL
COUNTIES AT A TIME, AND IDEALLY IS ISSUED 6 TO 24 HOURS BEFORE
FLOODING IS EXPECTED. THIS WAY YOU WILL HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO PREPARE.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLOOD WATCH IS ISSUED?
GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES, BUT MAKE PERIODIC CHECKS OF NOAA
WEATHER RADIO, YOUR MOBILE DEVICE, TV AND RADIO STATIONS FOR UPDATES
AND POSSIBLE FLOOD WARNINGS. KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN, AND WHERE YOU ARE
IN RELATION TO STREAMS, CREEKS OR RIVERS, WHICH CAN BECOME KILLERS
IN HEAVY RAINS.

IF YOU LIVE OR WORK IN AN AREA WHICH IS PRONE TO FLOODING, HAVE A SAFE
EVACUATION ROUTE TO USE IF FLOODING OCCURS. MAKE SURE EVERYONE IN YOUR
HOME OR OFFICE KNOWS WHERE TO GO IF FLOODING OCCURS. HAVE A BATTERY
OPERATED RADIO, AND SEVERAL FLASHLIGHTS AVAILABLE AND IN WORKING
ORDER. TAKE PRECAUTIONS TO SECURE YOUR PROPERTY.

WHAT DOES A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEANS RAPID LIFE THREATENING FLOODING IS
OCCURRING, OR WILL SOON BEGIN. YOU NEED TO TAKE ACTION IMMEDIATELY
TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND PROPERTY IF YOU ARE IN THE DANGER AREA.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLASH FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
MOVE TO HIGHER GROUND IMMEDIATELY AND GET OUT OF THE DANGER AREA.
NEVER DRIVE ACROSS BRIDGES COVERED WITH WATER, OR THROUGH AREAS
WHERE WATER COVERS THE ROADWAY. IF YOUR CAR STALLS IN A FLOODED OR
LOW LYING AREA, ABANDON IT IMMEDIATELY. RAPIDLY RISING FLOOD
WATERS COULD EASILY SWEEP IT AWAY. BE ESPECIALLY CAREFUL AT NIGHT,
WHEN IT IS HARDER TO SEE FLOODED AREAS.

WHAT DOES A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEANS THAT RIVER LEVELS WILL EXCEED FLOOD STAGE
ON CERTAIN POINTS ALONG OUR LARGER RIVERS, LIKE THE CHEMUNG, SUSQUEHANNA AND
DELAWARE RIVERS. RIVER FLOODS TAKE LONGER TO DEVELOP SO THEY MAY NOT POSE
AS MUCH THREAT TO LIFE, BUT CAN TAKE A MUCH LARGER TOLL ON PROPERTY.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A RIVER FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
IF YOU LIVE IN A FLOOD PLAIN, BE PREPARED TO EVACUATE IF ORDERED TO
DO SO. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ALL NECESSARY ITEMS THAT YOU WOULD NEED
IN THE EVENT THAT YOU CANNOT RETURN HOME FOR SEVERAL DAYS. MAKE ARRANGEMENTS
TO PROTECT YOUR PROPERTY BY MOVING YOUR VALUABLES TO HIGHER GROUND,
OR AN UPPER LEVEL OF YOUR HOME.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON FLOODING AND FLOOD SAFETY AND ON SEVERE WEATHER
AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT DAVID NICOSIA WARNING COORDINATION METEOROLOGIST
FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN BINGHAMTON AT 607-770-9531 X 223
OR VIA EMAIL AT DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN





000
NOUS41 KBGM 281201
PNSBGM
NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-300400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT FRI APR 29 2016

THIS IS THE FIFTH OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY WHICH
WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS
WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS FLOOD SAFETY AND THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A FLOOD
WATCH AND A FLOOD WARNING, AND TELL YOU WHAT TO DO IF A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

FLOODS CAN BE DEADLY!
FLOODS ARE THE NUMBER ONE KILLER IN THE UNITED STATES AMONG
STORM RELATED NATURAL HAZARDS. THE MAIN CAUSE OF DEATH DURING
FLOODS COMES FROM AUTOMOBILES BEING SWEPT AWAY BY FLOOD WATERS. MANY
PEOPLE DIE NEEDLESSLY IN FLOODS BECAUSE THEY TRY TO CROSS
FLOODED ROADWAYS!

CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA HAVE A LONG HISTORY OF FLOODS.
DEVASTATING FLOODS ARE NO STRANGER TO CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA. IN FACT, FLOODING RANKS AS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO MANY
COMMUNITIES IN OUR REGION. THERE ARE MANY WAYS THAT FLOODING CAN DEVELOP
OVER OUR AREA. STATIONARY THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED A MAJOR FLOOD IN JULY 1935
AND IN THE CATSKILLS AND POCONOS IN MAY 2004 AND JUNE 2007 RESPECTIVELY.
TROPICAL STORMS "AGNES" AND "ELOISE" BOTH CAUSED MAJOR FLOODS OVER THE
AREA IN 1972 AND 1975 RESPECTIVELY. RAPID SNOW MELT COMBINED
WITH HEAVY RAINFALL RESULTED IN MAJOR FLOODS IN BOTH JANUARY 1996 AND
APRIL 2005. A TROPICAL FEED OF MOISTURE PARKED OVER THE AREA FOR SEVERAL
DAYS IN JUNE 2006 AND CAUSED SIGNIFICANT FLOODING OVER A LARGE PORTION OF
CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA. TROPICAL CYCLONES IRENE AND
LEE ALSO BROUGHT CATASTROPHIC FLOODING TO OUR AREA IN SEPTEMBER 2011.

WHAT TYPES OF FLOODS ARE THERE?,
FLOODS, WHICH OCCUR ON SMALL STREAMS AND CREEKS, WHEN HEAVY RAIN
FALLS IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME ARE KNOWN AS FLASH FLOODS. THEY ARE
THE DEADLIEST OF ALL FLOODS, AND ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT TO FORECAST.
WARNING TIMES CAN BE VERY SHORT. FLOODING ALSO OCCURS ON OUR LARGER
RIVERS AND STREAMS.  A PERIOD OF MILD WINTER WEATHER CAN CAUSE
ICE ON THE RIVER TO BREAK UP, CAUSING ICE JAM FLOODING.

WHAT DOES A FLOOD WATCH MEAN?
A FLOOD WATCH MEANS THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING TO OCCUR, NOT THAT
FLOODING IS OCCURRING. THE WATCH IS TYPICALLY ISSUED FOR SEVERAL
COUNTIES AT A TIME, AND IDEALLY IS ISSUED 6 TO 24 HOURS BEFORE
FLOODING IS EXPECTED. THIS WAY YOU WILL HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO PREPARE.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLOOD WATCH IS ISSUED?
GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES, BUT MAKE PERIODIC CHECKS OF NOAA
WEATHER RADIO, YOUR MOBILE DEVICE, TV AND RADIO STATIONS FOR UPDATES
AND POSSIBLE FLOOD WARNINGS. KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN, AND WHERE YOU ARE
IN RELATION TO STREAMS, CREEKS OR RIVERS, WHICH CAN BECOME KILLERS
IN HEAVY RAINS.

IF YOU LIVE OR WORK IN AN AREA WHICH IS PRONE TO FLOODING, HAVE A SAFE
EVACUATION ROUTE TO USE IF FLOODING OCCURS. MAKE SURE EVERYONE IN YOUR
HOME OR OFFICE KNOWS WHERE TO GO IF FLOODING OCCURS. HAVE A BATTERY
OPERATED RADIO, AND SEVERAL FLASHLIGHTS AVAILABLE AND IN WORKING
ORDER. TAKE PRECAUTIONS TO SECURE YOUR PROPERTY.

WHAT DOES A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEANS RAPID LIFE THREATENING FLOODING IS
OCCURRING, OR WILL SOON BEGIN. YOU NEED TO TAKE ACTION IMMEDIATELY
TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND PROPERTY IF YOU ARE IN THE DANGER AREA.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLASH FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
MOVE TO HIGHER GROUND IMMEDIATELY AND GET OUT OF THE DANGER AREA.
NEVER DRIVE ACROSS BRIDGES COVERED WITH WATER, OR THROUGH AREAS
WHERE WATER COVERS THE ROADWAY. IF YOUR CAR STALLS IN A FLOODED OR
LOW LYING AREA, ABANDON IT IMMEDIATELY. RAPIDLY RISING FLOOD
WATERS COULD EASILY SWEEP IT AWAY. BE ESPECIALLY CAREFUL AT NIGHT,
WHEN IT IS HARDER TO SEE FLOODED AREAS.

WHAT DOES A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEANS THAT RIVER LEVELS WILL EXCEED FLOOD STAGE
ON CERTAIN POINTS ALONG OUR LARGER RIVERS, LIKE THE CHEMUNG, SUSQUEHANNA AND
DELAWARE RIVERS. RIVER FLOODS TAKE LONGER TO DEVELOP SO THEY MAY NOT POSE
AS MUCH THREAT TO LIFE, BUT CAN TAKE A MUCH LARGER TOLL ON PROPERTY.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A RIVER FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
IF YOU LIVE IN A FLOOD PLAIN, BE PREPARED TO EVACUATE IF ORDERED TO
DO SO. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ALL NECESSARY ITEMS THAT YOU WOULD NEED
IN THE EVENT THAT YOU CANNOT RETURN HOME FOR SEVERAL DAYS. MAKE ARRANGEMENTS
TO PROTECT YOUR PROPERTY BY MOVING YOUR VALUABLES TO HIGHER GROUND,
OR AN UPPER LEVEL OF YOUR HOME.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON FLOODING AND FLOOD SAFETY AND ON SEVERE WEATHER
AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT DAVID NICOSIA WARNING COORDINATION METEOROLOGIST
FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN BINGHAMTON AT 607-770-9531 X 223
OR VIA EMAIL AT DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN





000
NOUS41 KBGM 271201
PNSBGM
NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-280400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT WED APR 27 2016

THIS IS THE THIRD OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY
WHICH WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS SEVERE WEATHER PREPAREDNESS AND SAFETY. ALL
THUNDERSTORMS, WHETHER THEY ARE SEVERE OR NOT, ARE DANGEROUS DUE
TO LIGHTNING. WHEN ONE APPROACHES, YOU NEED TO PROTECT YOURSELF.

BEFORE A STORM, DEVELOP A SAFETY PLAN YOU CAN IMPLEMENT TO PROTECT
YOURSELF AND YOUR FAMILY AT HOME, SCHOOL, WORK OR OUTDOORS.
IDENTIFY A SAFE PLACE TO TAKE SHELTER AND KNOW WHAT ACTIONS TO TAKE
WHEN A WARNING IS ISSUED. THE BEST WAY TO DO THIS IS TO CONDUCT
FREQUENT DRILLS.

LIGHTNING IS A THUNDERSTORM`S BIGGEST KILLER. DO NOT USE
ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES WHILE A THUNDERSTORM IS NEARBY.

IF YOU ARE OUTDOORS, SEEK SHELTER IN A STURDY BUILDING. KEEP OUT
OF OPEN AREAS SUCH AS PAVILIONS OR GAZEBOS. STAY AWAY FROM TALL
OBJECTS SUCH AS ISOLATED TREES, AND METAL OBJECTS SUCH AS TOWERS
SUPPORTING POWER LINES. ALSO STAY AWAY FROM WIRE FENCES, CLOTHES
LINES, METAL PIPES, AND RAILS. IF IN AN AUTOMOBILE, DO NOT TOUCH
METAL PARTS OR THE EXTERIOR.

LIGHTNING MAY BE ABOUT TO STRIKE IF YOU ARE OUT IN THE OPEN AND
FEEL YOUR HAIR STAND ON END OR YOUR SKIN TINGLE. DROP ONTO YOUR
TIPTOES AT ONCE, BEND FORWARD AND PUT YOUR HANDS ON YOUR HEAD.
DON`T LIE FLAT ON THE GROUND.

STAY OUT OF THE WATER. IF YOU ARE BOATING, HEAD TO SHORE AT THE
FIRST SIGN OF THREATENING WEATHER. IN ADDITION TO THE DANGER OF
LIGHTNING, GUSTY THUNDERSTORM WINDS CAN EASILY CAPSIZE SMALL BOATS.

YOU SHOULD ALSO STAY AWAY FROM PLACES THAT COULD FLOOD DURING A
THUNDERSTORM. FLASH FLOODING CAUSED BY HEAVY DOWNPOURS IS
ANOTHER THUNDERSTORM DANGER. LOW LYING AREAS, ESPECIALLY NEAR
STREAMS AND CREEKS, CAN FLOOD RAPIDLY. NEVER DRIVE YOUR CAR INTO A
FLOODED AREA.

REMEMBER, THUNDERSTORMS OCCASIONALLY PRODUCE TORNADOES. AND
SOMETIMES THUNDERSTORM WINDS ARE STRONG ENOUGH TO CAUSE TORNADO
LIKE DAMAGE. SO BE PREPARED TO MOVE TO A SAFE SHELTER WHEN A
THUNDERSTORM IS NEAR.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY AND SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

THE WEATHER SAFETY TOPICS FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK WILL BE AS
FOLLOWS:

THURSDAY, TORNADOES.
FRIDAY, FLOODING.

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT, DAVID NICOSIA, WARNING COORDINATION
METEOROLOGIST FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN
BINGHAMTON, AT 607-770-9531 X 223, OR EMAIL AT
DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN





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