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000
NOUS44 KLZK 221228 AAB
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-221800-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
625 AM CST SAT NOV 22 2014

THE LITTLE ROCK 88D RADAR (LZK) WILL BE DOWN UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
TECHNICIANS ARE TRYING TO RESTORE SERVICE...AND HAVE MADE SEVERAL
REPAIRS. HOWEVER...THE PROBLEM HAS NOT BEEN IDENTIFIED. WE DO NOT
HAVE AN ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION.

ADJACENT 88D RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT SMITH AR...MEMPHIS
TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON MS ARE BEING
UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$







000
NOUS44 KLZK 221228 AAB
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-221800-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
625 AM CST SAT NOV 22 2014

THE LITTLE ROCK 88D RADAR (LZK) WILL BE DOWN UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
TECHNICIANS ARE TRYING TO RESTORE SERVICE...AND HAVE MADE SEVERAL
REPAIRS. HOWEVER...THE PROBLEM HAS NOT BEEN IDENTIFIED. WE DO NOT
HAVE AN ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION.

ADJACENT 88D RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT SMITH AR...MEMPHIS
TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON MS ARE BEING
UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$








000
NOUS44 KLZK 212342 AAA
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-220600-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
530 PM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

THE LITTLE ROCK 88D RADAR (LZK) WILL BE DOWN UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
TECHNICIANS ARE HAVING TO REPLACE ADDITIONAL PARTS. WE DO NOT HAVE
AN ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION AT THE MOMENT. WE ARE WORKING TO
HAVE THIS RESOLVED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

ADJACENT 88D RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT SMITH AR...MEMPHIS
TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON MS ARE BEING
UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$








000
NOUS44 KLZK 212342 AAA
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-220600-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
530 PM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

THE LITTLE ROCK 88D RADAR (LZK) WILL BE DOWN UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
TECHNICIANS ARE HAVING TO REPLACE ADDITIONAL PARTS. WE DO NOT HAVE
AN ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION AT THE MOMENT. WE ARE WORKING TO
HAVE THIS RESOLVED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

ADJACENT 88D RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT SMITH AR...MEMPHIS
TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON MS ARE BEING
UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$









000
NOUS44 KLZK 212004
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-220400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
200 PM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

...THE COLD OF WINTER...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME AND PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS THE COLD OF WINTER.

WHEN ARKANSANS THINK OF WINTER WEATHER...USUALLY A PICTURE OF
FALLING SNOW AND TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S AND LOWER 30S COMES TO MIND.
HOWEVER...WINTER WEATHER CAN BE NOT ONLY DANGEROUS...BUT POSSIBLY
DEADLY IN SOME CASES.

WINTER STORMS ARE CONSIDERED DECEPTIVE KILLERS BECAUSE MOST DEATHS
ARE INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE STORM ITSELF. TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS ON
ICY ROADS ACCOUNT FOR A VAST MAJORITY OF DEATHS. HEART ATTACKS CAUSED
BY PEOPLE SHOVELING SNOW AND HYPOTHERMIA FROM PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO
THE COLD ARE ALSO CONSEQUENCES OF SEVERE WINTER WEATHER.

AN IMPORTANT FACTOR THIS WINTER WILL BE ENERGY COSTS. PRICES FOR
NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE COULD CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO HEAT THEIR
HOMES INADEQUATELY IN AN EFFORT TO AVOID LARGE ENERGY BILLS.
IF TOO LITTLE HEAT IS USED...HYPOTHERMIA WILL BECOME A GREATER
THREAT THAN USUAL.

IN CASE OF POWER OUTAGES...GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATORS
MUST NOT BE USED INDOORS. CARBON MONOXIDE...A COLORLESS AND ODORLESS
GAS...CAN BUILD UP IN ENCLOSED AREAS SUCH AS HOUSES AND GARAGES AND
RESULT IN DEATH.

FROSTBITE...
FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO BODY TISSUE CAUSED BY THAT TISSUE BEING
FROZEN. IT CAUSES A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE APPEARANCE
IN EXTREMITIES...SUCH AS FINGERS...TOES...EARLOBES OR THE TIP OF THE
NOSE. IF SYMPTOMS ARE DETECTED...GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU
MUST WAIT FOR HELP...BEGIN TO TREAT THE AFFECTED AREA BY WARMING IT
SLOWLY.

WIND CHILL...
WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN CAUSED
BY THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD. AS THE WIND INCREASES...
HEAT IS CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY...DRIVING DOWN THE BODY
TEMPERATURE. REMEMBER THAT ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY WIND CHILL AS
WELL.

                     W I N D    C H I L L    C H A R T
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:WIND:                       TEMPERATURE                           :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:CALM: 35   30   25   20   15   10    5     0   -5  -10   -15   -20:
:  5 : 31   25   19   13    7    1   -5   -11  -16  -22   -28   -34:
: 10 : 27   21   15    9    3   -4  -10   -16  -22  -28   -35   -41:
: 15 : 25   19   13    6    0   -7  -13   -19  -26  -32   -39   -45:
: 20 : 24   17   11    4   -2   -9  -15   -22  -29  -35   -42   -48:
: 25 : 23   16    9    3   -4  -11  -17   -24  -31  -37   -44   -51:
: 30 : 22   15    8    1   -5  -12  -19   -26  -33  -39   -46   -53:
: 35 : 21   14    7    0   -7  -14  -21   -27  -34  -41   -48   -55:
---------------------------------------------------------------------

THE WIND SPEED USED IN THE WIND CHILL FORMULA IS CALCULATED FOR THE
AVERAGE HEIGHT OF THE HUMAN FACE...OR ABOUT 5 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND.
IN CONTRAST...WIND IN MOST WEATHER OBSERVATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
IS MEASURED ABOUT 33 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THE FORMULA ALSO USES
UPDATED HEAT TRANSFER THEORY...WHICH FACTORS HEAT LOSS FROM THE BODY
TO ITS SURROUNDINGS DURING COLD AND WINDY CONDITIONS. IN ARRIVING AT
THE FORMULA...TESTING WAS ACTUALLY DONE ON PEOPLE IN A CHILLED WIND
TUNNEL. SENSORS ATTACHED TO THE PEOPLE MEASURED HEAT LOSS FROM THEIR
BODIES.

AT A WIND CHILL OF 18 DEGREES BELOW ZERO...FROSTBITE CAN DEVELOP ON
EXPOSED SKIN WITHIN 30 MINUTES.

AN IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER ABOUT WIND CHILL IS THAT IT WAS
DESIGNED TO APPLY TO LIVING BEINGS ONLY. FOR EXAMPLE...A METAL WATER
PIPE IN AIR THAT IS 35 DEGREES WILL ATTAIN A TEMPERATURE OF 35
DEGREES...AS WILL THE WATER INSIDE. THE WIND MAY BE BLOWING AT 20 MPH
PRODUCING A WIND CHILL OF ZERO DEGREES...BUT THE PIPE AND THE WATER
WILL REMAIN AT 35 DEGREES.

HYPOTHERMIA...
HYPOTHERMIA IS JUST A COMPLICATED WORD FOR LOWER-THAN-NORMAL BODY
TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA CAN BE BROUGHT ON IN MANY WAYS INCLUDING
EXPOSURE TO PERIODS OF BITTERLY COLD WEATHER OR IMMERSION IN COLD
LAKE OR RIVER WATER. REMEMBER THAT HYPOTHERMIA IS THE ACTUAL
LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA IS THE MOST DANGEROUS
AND LIFE-THREATENING RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO EXTREMELY COLD AIR.

SOME OF THE WARNING SIGNS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPOTHERMIA ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION...
INCOHERENCE...SLURRED SPEECH...DROWSINESS AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.
A GOOD WAY TO DETECT HYPOTHERMIA IS TO TAKE THE PERSONS TEMPERATURE.
IF IT IS BELOW 95 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT...SEEK MEDICAL CARE IMMEDIATELY.

IF MEDICAL CARE IS NOT AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY
BY WARMING THE BODY CORE FIRST WITH EITHER YOUR OWN BODY HEAT OR
WARM DRY CLOTHES AND BLANKETS. DO NOT WARM THE EXTREMITIES SUCH AS
ARMS AND LEGS FIRST AS THIS COULD PUSH THE COLD BLOOD TOWARD THE
HEART AND CAN LEAD TO HEART FAILURE.

ALL THESE COLD WEATHER THREATS CAN BE DIMINISHED BY WEARING THE
PROPER CLOTHING WHEN PLANNING TO BE OUT IN THE COLD WEATHER FOR
AN EXTENDED TIME.

WEAR SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE-FITTING...LIGHT WEIGHT...WARM CLOTHING.
IF YOU BECOME TOO WARM...LAYERS CAN BE REMOVED TO AVOID HEAT
BUILD-UP AND PERSPIRATION. OUTER GARMENTS SHOULD BE TIGHTLY WOVEN...
WATER REPELLENT AND HOODED. TRY TO KEEP YOUR MOUTH COVERED TO PROTECT
YOUR LUNGS...AND KEEP YOUR HANDS IN MITTENS...NOT GLOVES...TO PROTECT
YOUR FINGERS. OVERALL...THE BEST RULE IS TO TRY TO STAY DRY.

FINALLY...BE SURE TO CHECK ON THE ELDERLY. HIGH HEATING COSTS COULD
CAUSE SOME OLDER PEOPLE TO SET THE THERMOSTAT TOO LOW...LEADING TO
HYPOTHERMIA. REMEMBER...ELDERLY PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE MORE DIFFICULTY
WITH THEIR SENSE OF WARM AND COLD.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK


$$

28






000
NOUS44 KLZK 212004
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-220400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
200 PM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

...THE COLD OF WINTER...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME AND PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS THE COLD OF WINTER.

WHEN ARKANSANS THINK OF WINTER WEATHER...USUALLY A PICTURE OF
FALLING SNOW AND TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S AND LOWER 30S COMES TO MIND.
HOWEVER...WINTER WEATHER CAN BE NOT ONLY DANGEROUS...BUT POSSIBLY
DEADLY IN SOME CASES.

WINTER STORMS ARE CONSIDERED DECEPTIVE KILLERS BECAUSE MOST DEATHS
ARE INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE STORM ITSELF. TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS ON
ICY ROADS ACCOUNT FOR A VAST MAJORITY OF DEATHS. HEART ATTACKS CAUSED
BY PEOPLE SHOVELING SNOW AND HYPOTHERMIA FROM PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO
THE COLD ARE ALSO CONSEQUENCES OF SEVERE WINTER WEATHER.

AN IMPORTANT FACTOR THIS WINTER WILL BE ENERGY COSTS. PRICES FOR
NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE COULD CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO HEAT THEIR
HOMES INADEQUATELY IN AN EFFORT TO AVOID LARGE ENERGY BILLS.
IF TOO LITTLE HEAT IS USED...HYPOTHERMIA WILL BECOME A GREATER
THREAT THAN USUAL.

IN CASE OF POWER OUTAGES...GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATORS
MUST NOT BE USED INDOORS. CARBON MONOXIDE...A COLORLESS AND ODORLESS
GAS...CAN BUILD UP IN ENCLOSED AREAS SUCH AS HOUSES AND GARAGES AND
RESULT IN DEATH.

FROSTBITE...
FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO BODY TISSUE CAUSED BY THAT TISSUE BEING
FROZEN. IT CAUSES A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE APPEARANCE
IN EXTREMITIES...SUCH AS FINGERS...TOES...EARLOBES OR THE TIP OF THE
NOSE. IF SYMPTOMS ARE DETECTED...GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU
MUST WAIT FOR HELP...BEGIN TO TREAT THE AFFECTED AREA BY WARMING IT
SLOWLY.

WIND CHILL...
WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN CAUSED
BY THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD. AS THE WIND INCREASES...
HEAT IS CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY...DRIVING DOWN THE BODY
TEMPERATURE. REMEMBER THAT ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY WIND CHILL AS
WELL.

                     W I N D    C H I L L    C H A R T
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:WIND:                       TEMPERATURE                           :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:CALM: 35   30   25   20   15   10    5     0   -5  -10   -15   -20:
:  5 : 31   25   19   13    7    1   -5   -11  -16  -22   -28   -34:
: 10 : 27   21   15    9    3   -4  -10   -16  -22  -28   -35   -41:
: 15 : 25   19   13    6    0   -7  -13   -19  -26  -32   -39   -45:
: 20 : 24   17   11    4   -2   -9  -15   -22  -29  -35   -42   -48:
: 25 : 23   16    9    3   -4  -11  -17   -24  -31  -37   -44   -51:
: 30 : 22   15    8    1   -5  -12  -19   -26  -33  -39   -46   -53:
: 35 : 21   14    7    0   -7  -14  -21   -27  -34  -41   -48   -55:
---------------------------------------------------------------------

THE WIND SPEED USED IN THE WIND CHILL FORMULA IS CALCULATED FOR THE
AVERAGE HEIGHT OF THE HUMAN FACE...OR ABOUT 5 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND.
IN CONTRAST...WIND IN MOST WEATHER OBSERVATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
IS MEASURED ABOUT 33 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THE FORMULA ALSO USES
UPDATED HEAT TRANSFER THEORY...WHICH FACTORS HEAT LOSS FROM THE BODY
TO ITS SURROUNDINGS DURING COLD AND WINDY CONDITIONS. IN ARRIVING AT
THE FORMULA...TESTING WAS ACTUALLY DONE ON PEOPLE IN A CHILLED WIND
TUNNEL. SENSORS ATTACHED TO THE PEOPLE MEASURED HEAT LOSS FROM THEIR
BODIES.

AT A WIND CHILL OF 18 DEGREES BELOW ZERO...FROSTBITE CAN DEVELOP ON
EXPOSED SKIN WITHIN 30 MINUTES.

AN IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER ABOUT WIND CHILL IS THAT IT WAS
DESIGNED TO APPLY TO LIVING BEINGS ONLY. FOR EXAMPLE...A METAL WATER
PIPE IN AIR THAT IS 35 DEGREES WILL ATTAIN A TEMPERATURE OF 35
DEGREES...AS WILL THE WATER INSIDE. THE WIND MAY BE BLOWING AT 20 MPH
PRODUCING A WIND CHILL OF ZERO DEGREES...BUT THE PIPE AND THE WATER
WILL REMAIN AT 35 DEGREES.

HYPOTHERMIA...
HYPOTHERMIA IS JUST A COMPLICATED WORD FOR LOWER-THAN-NORMAL BODY
TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA CAN BE BROUGHT ON IN MANY WAYS INCLUDING
EXPOSURE TO PERIODS OF BITTERLY COLD WEATHER OR IMMERSION IN COLD
LAKE OR RIVER WATER. REMEMBER THAT HYPOTHERMIA IS THE ACTUAL
LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA IS THE MOST DANGEROUS
AND LIFE-THREATENING RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO EXTREMELY COLD AIR.

SOME OF THE WARNING SIGNS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPOTHERMIA ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION...
INCOHERENCE...SLURRED SPEECH...DROWSINESS AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.
A GOOD WAY TO DETECT HYPOTHERMIA IS TO TAKE THE PERSONS TEMPERATURE.
IF IT IS BELOW 95 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT...SEEK MEDICAL CARE IMMEDIATELY.

IF MEDICAL CARE IS NOT AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY
BY WARMING THE BODY CORE FIRST WITH EITHER YOUR OWN BODY HEAT OR
WARM DRY CLOTHES AND BLANKETS. DO NOT WARM THE EXTREMITIES SUCH AS
ARMS AND LEGS FIRST AS THIS COULD PUSH THE COLD BLOOD TOWARD THE
HEART AND CAN LEAD TO HEART FAILURE.

ALL THESE COLD WEATHER THREATS CAN BE DIMINISHED BY WEARING THE
PROPER CLOTHING WHEN PLANNING TO BE OUT IN THE COLD WEATHER FOR
AN EXTENDED TIME.

WEAR SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE-FITTING...LIGHT WEIGHT...WARM CLOTHING.
IF YOU BECOME TOO WARM...LAYERS CAN BE REMOVED TO AVOID HEAT
BUILD-UP AND PERSPIRATION. OUTER GARMENTS SHOULD BE TIGHTLY WOVEN...
WATER REPELLENT AND HOODED. TRY TO KEEP YOUR MOUTH COVERED TO PROTECT
YOUR LUNGS...AND KEEP YOUR HANDS IN MITTENS...NOT GLOVES...TO PROTECT
YOUR FINGERS. OVERALL...THE BEST RULE IS TO TRY TO STAY DRY.

FINALLY...BE SURE TO CHECK ON THE ELDERLY. HIGH HEATING COSTS COULD
CAUSE SOME OLDER PEOPLE TO SET THE THERMOSTAT TOO LOW...LEADING TO
HYPOTHERMIA. REMEMBER...ELDERLY PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE MORE DIFFICULTY
WITH THEIR SENSE OF WARM AND COLD.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK


$$

28







000
NOUS44 KLZK 211203
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-212000-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
600 AM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

...THE COLD OF WINTER...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME AND PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS THE COLD OF WINTER.

WHEN ARKANSANS THINK OF WINTER WEATHER...USUALLY A PICTURE OF
FALLING SNOW AND TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S AND LOWER 30S COMES TO MIND.
HOWEVER...WINTER WEATHER CAN BE NOT ONLY DANGEROUS...BUT POSSIBLY
DEADLY IN SOME CASES.

WINTER STORMS ARE CONSIDERED DECEPTIVE KILLERS BECAUSE MOST DEATHS
ARE INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE STORM ITSELF. TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS ON
ICY ROADS ACCOUNT FOR A VAST MAJORITY OF DEATHS. HEART ATTACKS CAUSED
BY PEOPLE SHOVELING SNOW AND HYPOTHERMIA FROM PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO
THE COLD ARE ALSO CONSEQUENCES OF SEVERE WINTER WEATHER.

AN IMPORTANT FACTOR THIS WINTER WILL BE ENERGY COSTS. PRICES FOR
NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE COULD CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO HEAT THEIR
HOMES INADEQUATELY IN AN EFFORT TO AVOID LARGE ENERGY BILLS.
IF TOO LITTLE HEAT IS USED...HYPOTHERMIA WILL BECOME A GREATER
THREAT THAN USUAL.

IN CASE OF POWER OUTAGES...GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATORS
MUST NOT BE USED INDOORS. CARBON MONOXIDE...A COLORLESS AND ODORLESS
GAS...CAN BUILD UP IN ENCLOSED AREAS SUCH AS HOUSES AND GARAGES AND
RESULT IN DEATH.

FROSTBITE...
FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO BODY TISSUE CAUSED BY THAT TISSUE BEING
FROZEN. IT CAUSES A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE APPEARANCE
IN EXTREMITIES...SUCH AS FINGERS...TOES...EARLOBES OR THE TIP OF THE
NOSE. IF SYMPTOMS ARE DETECTED...GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU
MUST WAIT FOR HELP...BEGIN TO TREAT THE AFFECTED AREA BY WARMING IT
SLOWLY.

WIND CHILL...
WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN CAUSED
BY THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD. AS THE WIND INCREASES...
HEAT IS CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY...DRIVING DOWN THE BODY
TEMPERATURE. REMEMBER THAT ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY WIND CHILL AS
WELL.

                     W I N D    C H I L L    C H A R T
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:WIND:                       TEMPERATURE                           :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:CALM: 35   30   25   20   15   10    5     0   -5  -10   -15   -20:
:  5 : 31   25   19   13    7    1   -5   -11  -16  -22   -28   -34:
: 10 : 27   21   15    9    3   -4  -10   -16  -22  -28   -35   -41:
: 15 : 25   19   13    6    0   -7  -13   -19  -26  -32   -39   -45:
: 20 : 24   17   11    4   -2   -9  -15   -22  -29  -35   -42   -48:
: 25 : 23   16    9    3   -4  -11  -17   -24  -31  -37   -44   -51:
: 30 : 22   15    8    1   -5  -12  -19   -26  -33  -39   -46   -53:
: 35 : 21   14    7    0   -7  -14  -21   -27  -34  -41   -48   -55:
---------------------------------------------------------------------

THE WIND SPEED USED IN THE WIND CHILL FORMULA IS CALCULATED FOR THE
AVERAGE HEIGHT OF THE HUMAN FACE...OR ABOUT 5 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND.
IN CONTRAST...WIND IN MOST WEATHER OBSERVATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
IS MEASURED ABOUT 33 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THE FORMULA ALSO USES
UPDATED HEAT TRANSFER THEORY...WHICH FACTORS HEAT LOSS FROM THE BODY
TO ITS SURROUNDINGS DURING COLD AND WINDY CONDITIONS. IN ARRIVING AT
THE FORMULA...TESTING WAS ACTUALLY DONE ON PEOPLE IN A CHILLED WIND
TUNNEL. SENSORS ATTACHED TO THE PEOPLE MEASURED HEAT LOSS FROM THEIR
BODIES.

AT A WIND CHILL OF 18 DEGREES BELOW ZERO...FROSTBITE CAN DEVELOP ON
EXPOSED SKIN WITHIN 30 MINUTES.

AN IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER ABOUT WIND CHILL IS THAT IT WAS
DESIGNED TO APPLY TO LIVING BEINGS ONLY. FOR EXAMPLE...A METAL WATER
PIPE IN AIR THAT IS 35 DEGREES WILL ATTAIN A TEMPERATURE OF 35
DEGREES...AS WILL THE WATER INSIDE. THE WIND MAY BE BLOWING AT 20 MPH
PRODUCING A WIND CHILL OF ZERO DEGREES...BUT THE PIPE AND THE WATER
WILL REMAIN AT 35 DEGREES.

HYPOTHERMIA...
HYPOTHERMIA IS JUST A COMPLICATED WORD FOR LOWER-THAN-NORMAL BODY
TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA CAN BE BROUGHT ON IN MANY WAYS INCLUDING
EXPOSURE TO PERIODS OF BITTERLY COLD WEATHER OR IMMERSION IN COLD
LAKE OR RIVER WATER. REMEMBER THAT HYPOTHERMIA IS THE ACTUAL
LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA IS THE MOST DANGEROUS
AND LIFE-THREATENING RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO EXTREMELY COLD AIR.

SOME OF THE WARNING SIGNS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPOTHERMIA ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION...
INCOHERENCE...SLURRED SPEECH...DROWSINESS AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.
A GOOD WAY TO DETECT HYPOTHERMIA IS TO TAKE THE PERSONS TEMPERATURE.
IF IT IS BELOW 95 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT...SEEK MEDICAL CARE IMMEDIATELY.

IF MEDICAL CARE IS NOT AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY
BY WARMING THE BODY CORE FIRST WITH EITHER YOUR OWN BODY HEAT OR
WARM DRY CLOTHES AND BLANKETS. DO NOT WARM THE EXTREMITIES SUCH AS
ARMS AND LEGS FIRST AS THIS COULD PUSH THE COLD BLOOD TOWARD THE
HEART AND CAN LEAD TO HEART FAILURE.

ALL THESE COLD WEATHER THREATS CAN BE DIMINISHED BY WEARING THE
PROPER CLOTHING WHEN PLANNING TO BE OUT IN THE COLD WEATHER FOR
AN EXTENDED TIME.

WEAR SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE-FITTING...LIGHT WEIGHT...WARM CLOTHING.
IF YOU BECOME TOO WARM...LAYERS CAN BE REMOVED TO AVOID HEAT
BUILD-UP AND PERSPIRATION. OUTER GARMENTS SHOULD BE TIGHTLY WOVEN...
WATER REPELLENT AND HOODED. TRY TO KEEP YOUR MOUTH COVERED TO PROTECT
YOUR LUNGS...AND KEEP YOUR HANDS IN MITTENS...NOT GLOVES...TO PROTECT
YOUR FINGERS. OVERALL...THE BEST RULE IS TO TRY TO STAY DRY.

FINALLY...BE SURE TO CHECK ON THE ELDERLY. HIGH HEATING COSTS COULD
CAUSE SOME OLDER PEOPLE TO SET THE THERMOSTAT TOO LOW...LEADING TO
HYPOTHERMIA. REMEMBER...ELDERLY PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE MORE DIFFICULTY
WITH THEIR SENSE OF WARM AND COLD.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK


$$

28







000
NOUS44 KLZK 211203
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-212000-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
600 AM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

...THE COLD OF WINTER...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME AND PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS THE COLD OF WINTER.

WHEN ARKANSANS THINK OF WINTER WEATHER...USUALLY A PICTURE OF
FALLING SNOW AND TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S AND LOWER 30S COMES TO MIND.
HOWEVER...WINTER WEATHER CAN BE NOT ONLY DANGEROUS...BUT POSSIBLY
DEADLY IN SOME CASES.

WINTER STORMS ARE CONSIDERED DECEPTIVE KILLERS BECAUSE MOST DEATHS
ARE INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE STORM ITSELF. TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS ON
ICY ROADS ACCOUNT FOR A VAST MAJORITY OF DEATHS. HEART ATTACKS CAUSED
BY PEOPLE SHOVELING SNOW AND HYPOTHERMIA FROM PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO
THE COLD ARE ALSO CONSEQUENCES OF SEVERE WINTER WEATHER.

AN IMPORTANT FACTOR THIS WINTER WILL BE ENERGY COSTS. PRICES FOR
NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE COULD CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO HEAT THEIR
HOMES INADEQUATELY IN AN EFFORT TO AVOID LARGE ENERGY BILLS.
IF TOO LITTLE HEAT IS USED...HYPOTHERMIA WILL BECOME A GREATER
THREAT THAN USUAL.

IN CASE OF POWER OUTAGES...GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATORS
MUST NOT BE USED INDOORS. CARBON MONOXIDE...A COLORLESS AND ODORLESS
GAS...CAN BUILD UP IN ENCLOSED AREAS SUCH AS HOUSES AND GARAGES AND
RESULT IN DEATH.

FROSTBITE...
FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO BODY TISSUE CAUSED BY THAT TISSUE BEING
FROZEN. IT CAUSES A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE APPEARANCE
IN EXTREMITIES...SUCH AS FINGERS...TOES...EARLOBES OR THE TIP OF THE
NOSE. IF SYMPTOMS ARE DETECTED...GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU
MUST WAIT FOR HELP...BEGIN TO TREAT THE AFFECTED AREA BY WARMING IT
SLOWLY.

WIND CHILL...
WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN CAUSED
BY THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD. AS THE WIND INCREASES...
HEAT IS CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY...DRIVING DOWN THE BODY
TEMPERATURE. REMEMBER THAT ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY WIND CHILL AS
WELL.

                     W I N D    C H I L L    C H A R T
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:WIND:                       TEMPERATURE                           :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:CALM: 35   30   25   20   15   10    5     0   -5  -10   -15   -20:
:  5 : 31   25   19   13    7    1   -5   -11  -16  -22   -28   -34:
: 10 : 27   21   15    9    3   -4  -10   -16  -22  -28   -35   -41:
: 15 : 25   19   13    6    0   -7  -13   -19  -26  -32   -39   -45:
: 20 : 24   17   11    4   -2   -9  -15   -22  -29  -35   -42   -48:
: 25 : 23   16    9    3   -4  -11  -17   -24  -31  -37   -44   -51:
: 30 : 22   15    8    1   -5  -12  -19   -26  -33  -39   -46   -53:
: 35 : 21   14    7    0   -7  -14  -21   -27  -34  -41   -48   -55:
---------------------------------------------------------------------

THE WIND SPEED USED IN THE WIND CHILL FORMULA IS CALCULATED FOR THE
AVERAGE HEIGHT OF THE HUMAN FACE...OR ABOUT 5 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND.
IN CONTRAST...WIND IN MOST WEATHER OBSERVATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
IS MEASURED ABOUT 33 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THE FORMULA ALSO USES
UPDATED HEAT TRANSFER THEORY...WHICH FACTORS HEAT LOSS FROM THE BODY
TO ITS SURROUNDINGS DURING COLD AND WINDY CONDITIONS. IN ARRIVING AT
THE FORMULA...TESTING WAS ACTUALLY DONE ON PEOPLE IN A CHILLED WIND
TUNNEL. SENSORS ATTACHED TO THE PEOPLE MEASURED HEAT LOSS FROM THEIR
BODIES.

AT A WIND CHILL OF 18 DEGREES BELOW ZERO...FROSTBITE CAN DEVELOP ON
EXPOSED SKIN WITHIN 30 MINUTES.

AN IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER ABOUT WIND CHILL IS THAT IT WAS
DESIGNED TO APPLY TO LIVING BEINGS ONLY. FOR EXAMPLE...A METAL WATER
PIPE IN AIR THAT IS 35 DEGREES WILL ATTAIN A TEMPERATURE OF 35
DEGREES...AS WILL THE WATER INSIDE. THE WIND MAY BE BLOWING AT 20 MPH
PRODUCING A WIND CHILL OF ZERO DEGREES...BUT THE PIPE AND THE WATER
WILL REMAIN AT 35 DEGREES.

HYPOTHERMIA...
HYPOTHERMIA IS JUST A COMPLICATED WORD FOR LOWER-THAN-NORMAL BODY
TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA CAN BE BROUGHT ON IN MANY WAYS INCLUDING
EXPOSURE TO PERIODS OF BITTERLY COLD WEATHER OR IMMERSION IN COLD
LAKE OR RIVER WATER. REMEMBER THAT HYPOTHERMIA IS THE ACTUAL
LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE. HYPOTHERMIA IS THE MOST DANGEROUS
AND LIFE-THREATENING RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO EXTREMELY COLD AIR.

SOME OF THE WARNING SIGNS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPOTHERMIA ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION...
INCOHERENCE...SLURRED SPEECH...DROWSINESS AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.
A GOOD WAY TO DETECT HYPOTHERMIA IS TO TAKE THE PERSONS TEMPERATURE.
IF IT IS BELOW 95 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT...SEEK MEDICAL CARE IMMEDIATELY.

IF MEDICAL CARE IS NOT AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY
BY WARMING THE BODY CORE FIRST WITH EITHER YOUR OWN BODY HEAT OR
WARM DRY CLOTHES AND BLANKETS. DO NOT WARM THE EXTREMITIES SUCH AS
ARMS AND LEGS FIRST AS THIS COULD PUSH THE COLD BLOOD TOWARD THE
HEART AND CAN LEAD TO HEART FAILURE.

ALL THESE COLD WEATHER THREATS CAN BE DIMINISHED BY WEARING THE
PROPER CLOTHING WHEN PLANNING TO BE OUT IN THE COLD WEATHER FOR
AN EXTENDED TIME.

WEAR SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE-FITTING...LIGHT WEIGHT...WARM CLOTHING.
IF YOU BECOME TOO WARM...LAYERS CAN BE REMOVED TO AVOID HEAT
BUILD-UP AND PERSPIRATION. OUTER GARMENTS SHOULD BE TIGHTLY WOVEN...
WATER REPELLENT AND HOODED. TRY TO KEEP YOUR MOUTH COVERED TO PROTECT
YOUR LUNGS...AND KEEP YOUR HANDS IN MITTENS...NOT GLOVES...TO PROTECT
YOUR FINGERS. OVERALL...THE BEST RULE IS TO TRY TO STAY DRY.

FINALLY...BE SURE TO CHECK ON THE ELDERLY. HIGH HEATING COSTS COULD
CAUSE SOME OLDER PEOPLE TO SET THE THERMOSTAT TOO LOW...LEADING TO
HYPOTHERMIA. REMEMBER...ELDERLY PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE MORE DIFFICULTY
WITH THEIR SENSE OF WARM AND COLD.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK


$$

28






000
NOUS44 KLZK 210218
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-211500-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
815 PM CST THU NOV 20 2014

DUE TO A DEFECTIVE TRANSMITTER...THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
DOPPLER RADAR LOCATED IN NORTH LITTLE ROCK ARKANSAS IS CURRENTLY
DOWN.

PARTS ARE ON ORDER AND FULL SERVICE IS EXPECTED TO BE RESTORED BY 2
PM CST ON FRIDAY NOVEMBER 21ST. ADJACENT RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT
SMITH AR...MEMPHIS TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON
MS ARE BEING UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$

56







000
NOUS44 KLZK 210218
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-211500-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
815 PM CST THU NOV 20 2014

DUE TO A DEFECTIVE TRANSMITTER...THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
DOPPLER RADAR LOCATED IN NORTH LITTLE ROCK ARKANSAS IS CURRENTLY
DOWN.

PARTS ARE ON ORDER AND FULL SERVICE IS EXPECTED TO BE RESTORED BY 2
PM CST ON FRIDAY NOVEMBER 21ST. ADJACENT RADARS AT TULSA OK...FORT
SMITH AR...MEMPHIS TN...SHREVEPORT LA...SPRINGFIELD MO AND JACKSON
MS ARE BEING UTILIZED FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

WE APOLOGIZE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE.

$$

56






000
NOUS44 KLZK 202003
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-210400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
200 PM CST THU NOV 20 2014

...WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS IN ARKANSAS...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME TO PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS WINTER WEATHER SAFETY RULES.

THE BEST WAY TO SURVIVE A WINTER STORM IS TO PLAN AND PREPARE FOR
THE HAZARDS OF WINTER WEATHER. ALTHOUGH SOME WINTER STORMS DEVELOP
QUICKLY AND WITH SHORT NOTICE...MOST EVENTS CAN BE PLANNED FOR.

AT HOME...THE PRIMARY CONCERNS ARE FOR THE POTENTIAL LOSS OF POWER...
HEAT AND TELEPHONE SERVICE. FOOD SUPPLIES MAY ALSO RUN LOW IF
CONDITIONS PERSIST FOR SEVERAL DAYS. SOME ITEMS THAT SHOULD BE
READILY AVAILABLE AROUND THE HOME PRIOR TO THE ONSET OF WINTER
WEATHER INCLUDE...

    EXTRA FOOD AND WATER...ESPECIALLY CANNED GOODS
    A FLASHLIGHT WITH EXTRA BATTERIES
    FIRST AID SUPPLIES AND EXTRA MEDICINE
    EXTRA BABY ITEMS
    EXTRA WOOD FOR EMERGENCY HEATING
    A BATTERY POWERED NOAA WEATHER RADIO AND PORTABLE RADIO

REMEMBER...IF YOUR POWER GOES OUT...A CORDLESS TELEPHONE WILL NOT
OPERATE. A CORDED PHONE WILL CONTINUE TO FUNCTION...SO IT IS A
GOOD IDEA TO HAVE ONE AVAILABLE.

IF POWER IS LOST...NEVER USE A GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATOR
INSIDE THE HOUSE...IN THE GARAGE...OR ANY OTHER ENCLOSED SPACE.
GENERATORS CAN CAUSE CARBON MONOXIDE TO BUILD UP TO DEADLY LEVELS
IN ENCLOSED SPACES. OPERATE SUCH GENERATORS OUTDOORS ONLY.

TRAVEL SHOULD NEVER BE PLANNED WHEN SEVERE WINTER WEATHER IS
ANTICIPATED. HOWEVER...CERTAIN PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN DURING THE
WINTER MONTHS IN CASE A STORM STRIKES SUDDENLY OR TRAVEL IN BAD
WEATHER IS UNAVOIDABLE...

    WINTERIZE YOUR VEHICLE IN THE FALL
    KEEP YOUR GAS TANK FULL TO MINIMIZE ICE BUILDUP IN THE TANK
    ALWAYS CARRY A WINTER STORM SURVIVAL KIT INCLUDING BLANKETS...
      FLASHLIGHTS...NON PERISHABLE FOOD...DRINKING WATER...
      FIRST AID KIT...EXTRA CLOTHES...SHOVEL...ICE SCRAPER...
      BAG OF SAND OR CAT LITTER AND JUMPER CABLES
    BEFORE LEAVING...LET SOMEONE KNOW WHERE YOU ARE GOING AND WHAT
      ROUTE YOU PLAN TO TAKE

TRAVELING IN WINTER WEATHER IS SERIOUS BUSINESS. IF THE STORM EXCEEDS
OR TESTS YOUR DRIVING ABILITY...SEEK AVAILABLE SHELTER IMMEDIATELY.

ANOTHER WINTER THREAT IS HOUSE FIRES. DECEMBER...JANUARY...AND
FEBRUARY ARE THE LEADING MONTHS FOR HOUSE FIRES IN THIS COUNTRY.
MORE THAN ONE THIRD OF FIRE DEATHS TYPICALLY OCCUR DURING THE
WINTER MONTHS.

HERE ARE SOME PRECAUTIONS YOU CAN TAKE...

    CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS SHOULD BE KEPT IN PROPER WORKING
      ORDER. THIS INCLUDES REGULAR INSPECTIONS.
    SPACE HEATERS NEED TO BE AT LEAST 36 INCHES AWAY FROM ANY
      FLAMMABLE MATERIALS. THE HEATERS SHOULD NOT BE LEFT ON
      WHEN NO ONE IS PRESENT OR WHEN PEOPLE ARE ASLEEP. THE
      HEATERS SHOULD HAVE AUTOMATIC SHUT-OFF SWITCHES THAT TURN
      THE UNITS OFF IF THEY TIP OVER.
    FIREPLACES AND CHIMNEYS SHOULD BE INSPECTED AND CLEANED ON
      A REGULAR BASIS. THE FIREPLACES SHOULD HAVE A STURDY SCREEN...
      AND ONLY WOOD SHOULD BE BURNED.
    WOOD STOVES SHOULD BE INSTALLED...USED...AND MAINTAINED IN
      ACCORDANCE WITH INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE MANUFACTURER. USE OF
      A STOVE BOARD WILL PROTECT THE FLOOR. ONLY WOOD SHOULD BE
      BURNED IN THE STOVE.
    KITCHEN RANGES AND OVENS...CHARCOAL GRILLS...AND HIBACHIS
      SHOULD NEVER BE USED FOR HEATING.
    CARBON MONOXIDE IS ANOTHER HAZARD. IT IS A COLORLESS...
      ODORLESS GAS AND IS PRODUCED BY GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES...
      CHARCOAL GRILLS...AND WOOD-BURNING FURNACES AND FIREPLACES.
      CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS SHOULD BE INSTALLED TO PROVIDE AN
      EARLY WARNING WHEN THE GAS BEGINS TO BUILD UP.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK

$$

28






000
NOUS44 KLZK 202003
PNSLZK
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-210400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
200 PM CST THU NOV 20 2014

...WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS IN ARKANSAS...

NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST IS WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN
ARKANSAS. PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME TO PREPARE FOR THE
UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS WINTER WEATHER SAFETY RULES.

THE BEST WAY TO SURVIVE A WINTER STORM IS TO PLAN AND PREPARE FOR
THE HAZARDS OF WINTER WEATHER. ALTHOUGH SOME WINTER STORMS DEVELOP
QUICKLY AND WITH SHORT NOTICE...MOST EVENTS CAN BE PLANNED FOR.

AT HOME...THE PRIMARY CONCERNS ARE FOR THE POTENTIAL LOSS OF POWER...
HEAT AND TELEPHONE SERVICE. FOOD SUPPLIES MAY ALSO RUN LOW IF
CONDITIONS PERSIST FOR SEVERAL DAYS. SOME ITEMS THAT SHOULD BE
READILY AVAILABLE AROUND THE HOME PRIOR TO THE ONSET OF WINTER
WEATHER INCLUDE...

    EXTRA FOOD AND WATER...ESPECIALLY CANNED GOODS
    A FLASHLIGHT WITH EXTRA BATTERIES
    FIRST AID SUPPLIES AND EXTRA MEDICINE
    EXTRA BABY ITEMS
    EXTRA WOOD FOR EMERGENCY HEATING
    A BATTERY POWERED NOAA WEATHER RADIO AND PORTABLE RADIO

REMEMBER...IF YOUR POWER GOES OUT...A CORDLESS TELEPHONE WILL NOT
OPERATE. A CORDED PHONE WILL CONTINUE TO FUNCTION...SO IT IS A
GOOD IDEA TO HAVE ONE AVAILABLE.

IF POWER IS LOST...NEVER USE A GASOLINE OR DIESEL POWERED GENERATOR
INSIDE THE HOUSE...IN THE GARAGE...OR ANY OTHER ENCLOSED SPACE.
GENERATORS CAN CAUSE CARBON MONOXIDE TO BUILD UP TO DEADLY LEVELS
IN ENCLOSED SPACES. OPERATE SUCH GENERATORS OUTDOORS ONLY.

TRAVEL SHOULD NEVER BE PLANNED WHEN SEVERE WINTER WEATHER IS
ANTICIPATED. HOWEVER...CERTAIN PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN DURING THE
WINTER MONTHS IN CASE A STORM STRIKES SUDDENLY OR TRAVEL IN BAD
WEATHER IS UNAVOIDABLE...

    WINTERIZE YOUR VEHICLE IN THE FALL
    KEEP YOUR GAS TANK FULL TO MINIMIZE ICE BUILDUP IN THE TANK
    ALWAYS CARRY A WINTER STORM SURVIVAL KIT INCLUDING BLANKETS...
      FLASHLIGHTS...NON PERISHABLE FOOD...DRINKING WATER...
      FIRST AID KIT...EXTRA CLOTHES...SHOVEL...ICE SCRAPER...
      BAG OF SAND OR CAT LITTER AND JUMPER CABLES
    BEFORE LEAVING...LET SOMEONE KNOW WHERE YOU ARE GOING AND WHAT
      ROUTE YOU PLAN TO TAKE

TRAVELING IN WINTER WEATHER IS SERIOUS BUSINESS. IF THE STORM EXCEEDS
OR TESTS YOUR DRIVING ABILITY...SEEK AVAILABLE SHELTER IMMEDIATELY.

ANOTHER WINTER THREAT IS HOUSE FIRES. DECEMBER...JANUARY...AND
FEBRUARY ARE THE LEADING MONTHS FOR HOUSE FIRES IN THIS COUNTRY.
MORE THAN ONE THIRD OF FIRE DEATHS TYPICALLY OCCUR DURING THE
WINTER MONTHS.

HERE ARE SOME PRECAUTIONS YOU CAN TAKE...

    CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS SHOULD BE KEPT IN PROPER WORKING
      ORDER. THIS INCLUDES REGULAR INSPECTIONS.
    SPACE HEATERS NEED TO BE AT LEAST 36 INCHES AWAY FROM ANY
      FLAMMABLE MATERIALS. THE HEATERS SHOULD NOT BE LEFT ON
      WHEN NO ONE IS PRESENT OR WHEN PEOPLE ARE ASLEEP. THE
      HEATERS SHOULD HAVE AUTOMATIC SHUT-OFF SWITCHES THAT TURN
      THE UNITS OFF IF THEY TIP OVER.
    FIREPLACES AND CHIMNEYS SHOULD BE INSPECTED AND CLEANED ON
      A REGULAR BASIS. THE FIREPLACES SHOULD HAVE A STURDY SCREEN...
      AND ONLY WOOD SHOULD BE BURNED.
    WOOD STOVES SHOULD BE INSTALLED...USED...AND MAINTAINED IN
      ACCORDANCE WITH INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE MANUFACTURER. USE OF
      A STOVE BOARD WILL PROTECT THE FLOOR. ONLY WOOD SHOULD BE
      BURNED IN THE STOVE.
    KITCHEN RANGES AND OVENS...CHARCOAL GRILLS...AND HIBACHIS
      SHOULD NEVER BE USED FOR HEATING.
    CARBON MONOXIDE IS ANOTHER HAZARD. IT IS A COLORLESS...
      ODORLESS GAS AND IS PRODUCED BY GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES...
      CHARCOAL GRILLS...AND WOOD-BURNING FURNACES AND FIREPLACES.
      CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS SHOULD BE INSTALLED TO PROVIDE AN
      EARLY WARNING WHEN THE GAS BEGINS TO BUILD UP.

&&

PLEASE VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT   WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/LZK

$$

28







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